rear

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EnglishEdit

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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Related to rise and raise, which is used for several of its now archaic or obsolete senses and for some of its senses that are currently more common in other dialects of English.

From Middle English reren ‎(to raise), from Old English rǣran ‎(to raise, set upright, promote, exalt, begin, create, give rise to, excite, rouse, arouse, stir up), from Proto-Germanic *raizjan, *raizijaną, *raisijaną ‎(to cause to rise, raise), from Proto-Indo-European *rei- ‎(to lift oneself, rise). Cognate with Scots rere ‎(to construct, build, rear), Icelandic reisa ‎(to raise), Gothic 𐍂𐌰𐌹𐍃𐌾𐌰𐌽 ‎(raisjan, to cause to rise, lift up, establish), German reisen ‎(to travel, literally to rear up and depart). More at rise.

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

rear ‎(third-person singular simple present rears, present participle rearing, simple past and past participle reared)

  1. (transitive) To bring up to maturity, as offspring; to educate; to instruct; to foster. (Usually "raise" in U.S. English.)
    • (Can we date this quote?) Thomas Southerne
      He wants a father to protect his youth, and rear him up to virtue.
  2. (transitive) To breed and raise; as, to rear cattle (cattle rearing). (Usually considered less correct than "raise" in U.S. English.)
  3. (intransitive) To rise up on the hind legs, as a bolting horse.
  4. (intransitive, usually with "up") To get angry.
  5. (intransitive) To rise high above, tower above.
  6. (transitive, literary) To raise physically or metaphorically; to lift up; to cause to rise, to elevate.
    Poverty reared its ugly head. (appeared, started, began to have an effect)
    The monster slowly reared its head.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Milton
      In adoration at his feet I fell Submiss; he reared me.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Lord Lytton
      Mine [shall be] the first hand to rear her banner.
  7. (transitive, rare) To construct by building; to set up
    to rear defenses or houses
    to rear one government on the ruins of another.
  8. (transitive, rare) To raise spiritually; to lift up; to elevate morally.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Isaac Barrow
      It reareth our hearts from vain thoughts.
  9. (transitive, obsolete) To lift and take up.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Edmund Spenser
      And having her from Trompart lightly reared, Upon his set the lovely load.
  10. (transitive, obsolete) To rouse; to strip up.
Usage notesEdit

It is standard U.S. English to raise children, and this usage has become common in all kinds of English since the 1700s. Until fairly recently, U.S. teachers however taught the traditional rule that one should raise crops and animals, but rear children, despite the fact that this contradicted general usage. It is therefore not surprising that some people still prefer to rear children and that this is considered correct but formal in U.S. English. It is widespread in UK English and not considered formal.

It is generally considered incorrect to rear crops or (adult) animals in U.S. English, but this expression is common in UK English.

SynonymsEdit
  • (rise up on the hind legs): prance
The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the template {{sense|"gloss"}}, substituting a short version of the definition for "gloss".
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English reren, from Old English hrēran ‎(to move, shake, agitate), from Proto-Germanic *hrōzijaną ‎(to stir), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱera-, *ḱrā- ‎(to mix, stir, cook). Cognate with Dutch roeren ‎(to stir, shake, whip), German rühren ‎(to stir, beat, move), Swedish röra ‎(to touch, move, stir), Icelandic hræra ‎(to stir).

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

rear ‎(third-person singular simple present rears, present participle rearing, simple past and past participle reared)

  1. (transitive) To move; stir.
  2. (transitive, of geese) To carve.
    Rere that goose!
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English rere, from Old English hrēr, hrēre ‎(not thoroughly cooked, underdone, lightly boiled), from hrēran ‎(to move, shake, agitate), from Proto-Germanic *hrōzijaną ‎(to stir), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱera-, *ḱrā- ‎(to mix, stir, cook). Related to Old English hrōr ‎(stirring, busy, active, strong, brave), Dutch roeren ‎(to stir, shake, whip), German rühren ‎(to stir, beat, move), Swedish röra ‎(to touch, move, stir), Icelandic hræra ‎(to stir).

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

rear ‎(comparative rearer or more rear, superlative rearest or most rear)

  1. (now chiefly dialectal) (of eggs) Underdone; nearly raw.
  2. (chiefly US) (of meats) Rare.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Anglo-Norman rere, ultimately from Latin retro. Compare arrear.

AdjectiveEdit

rear ‎(not comparable)

  1. Being behind, or in the hindmost part; hindmost; as, the rear rank of a company.
AntonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

rear ‎(comparative more rear, superlative most rear)

  1. (Britain, dialect) early; soon
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Gay.
      Then why does Cuddy leave his cot so rear!

NounEdit

rear ‎(plural rears)

  1. The back or hindmost part; that which is behind, or last on order; - opposed to front.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Milton
      Nipped with the lagging rear of winter's frost.
  2. (military) Specifically, the part of an army or fleet which comes last, or is stationed behind the rest.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Milton
      When the fierce foe hung on our broken rear.
  3. (anatomy) The buttocks, a creature's bottom
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

rear ‎(third-person singular simple present rears, present participle rearing, simple past and past participle reared)

  1. To place in the rear; to secure the rear of.
  2. (transitive, vulgar, Britain) To sodomize (perform anal sex)
Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

SwedishEdit

VerbEdit

rear

  1. present tense of rea.
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