Akkadian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Semitic *gVr- (whelp). Cognate with Arabic جَرْو (jarw, cub) and Biblical Hebrew גּוּר (gur, cub).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

girru m (Standard Babylonian)

  1. lion
    Synonyms: 𒌨𒈤 (nēšum), 𒆷𒁍𒌝 (lābum)
    • c. 7th–9th C. BCE [c. 1300 BCE], Ludlul bēl nēmeqi[1], CDLI P491222, canto 5:
      𒄿𒈾 𒉿𒄿 𒄫𒊑 𒀀𒆸𒅀
      𒀉𒁲 𒀮𒊓𒈠 𒀭𒀫𒌓
      [ina pî girri ākilīya
      iddi napsama Marduk]
      i‐na pi‐i gir‐ri a‐kil‐ia
      id‐di nap‐sa‐ma dAMAR.UTU
      In the mouth of the lion devouring me
      Marduk placed a bit.
    • p. 1000 BCE, Lexical series Ea[2], composite number Q000156, archived from the original on 29 January 2023, tablet 4, entry 133:
      𒍣𒅁 𒄞 𒐼 𒀭𒌨𒄞 𒄫𒀸
      [zib GUD ša dUR.ZIB₃ girrum]
      zi‐ib GUD ša₂ dUR.ZIB₃ gir‐rum
      [Sign:] 𒄞 [Pronunciation:] zib, as in 𒀭𒌨𒄞 (dUR.ZIB₃ /⁠urdib⁠/, lion)

Alternative forms edit

Cuneiform spellings
Phonetic

References edit

  • “girru C”, in The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (CAD)[3], volume 5, G, Chicago: University of Chicago Oriental Institute, 1956, page 94
  • Black, Jeremy, George, Andrew, Postgate, Nicholas (2000) “gerru II”, in A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd corrected edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag