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See also: Lion, lìon, and líon

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
A lion.

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English lion, lyoun, a borrowing from Old French lion, from Latin leō, (genitive: leōnis), from Ancient Greek λέων (léōn). Some argue that it is a borrowing from a Semitic language; however evidence is not clear and the relation with Proto-Semitic *labiʾ- is not solid. Semitic "labi/lavi" could either be a parent term to the Greek one or both could have evolved independently from a now lost root. Many ancient languages possessed similar words for lion, including Akkadian 𒌨 (labbu). It is unclear as to who borrowed the word from whom, though the ultimate source is likely non-Indo-European.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lion (plural lions or lion, feminine lioness)

  1. A big cat, Panthera leo, native to Africa, India and formerly to much of Europe. The term may apply to the species as a whole, to individuals, or to male individuals. It also applies to related species like mountain lions.
    Tigers and lions share a common ancestor from a few million years ago.
    1. A male lion.
  2. (heraldry) A stylized representation of a large cat, used on a coat of arms.
  3. A Chinese foo dog.
  4. An individual who shows strength and courage, attributes associated with the lion.
    • 2003, Peter Armstrong and Angus McBride, Stirling Bridge & Falkirk 1297–98: William Wallace's Rebellion:
      It was said of [Edward Plantaganet] that 'he was a lion for pride and ferocity but a pard for inconstancy and changeableness, not keeping his word or promise but excusing himself with fair words'.
  5. A famous person regarded with interest and curiosity.
    • Prof. Wilson
      Such society was far more enjoyable than that of Edinburgh, for here he was not a lion, but a man.
    • 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, ch. 4
      Rose Waterford was a cynic. She looked upon life as an opportunity for writing novels and the public as her raw material. Now and then she invited members of it to her house if they showed an appreciation of her talent and entertained with proper lavishness. She held their weakness for lions in good-humoured contempt, but played to them her part of the distinguished woman of letters with decorum.
  6. A light brown color that resembles the fur of a lion
    lion colour:    

Coordinate termsEdit

HolonymsEdit

  • (individual Panthera leo): pride

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lion (comparative more lion, superlative most lion)

  1. Of the light brown color that resembles the fur of a lion.

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French lion, a semi-learned borrowing from Latin leō, leōnem, from Ancient Greek λέων (léōn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lion m (plural lions, feminine lionne)

  1. (zoology) lion
    1. (specifically) male lion
  2. (figuratively) lion (brave person)
    Se défendre comme un lion, - to defend oneself with great courage
  3. (heraldry) lion
  4. (figuratively, dated) lion (celebrity; famous person)
  5. (dated) a style of elegant young man that came after the dandy

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Semi-learned borrowing from Latin leō, leōnem, derived from Ancient Greek λέων (léōn).

NounEdit

lion m (oblique plural lions, nominative singular lions, nominative plural lion)

  1. lion (animal)

DescendantsEdit