See also: Lion, lìon, and líon

EnglishEdit

 
A lion.
 
The Royal Arms of England depict three golden lions.

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English lyoun, lion, leon, borrowed from Old French lion, from Latin leō, (accusative: leōnem), from Ancient Greek λέων (léōn). Some argue that it is a borrowing from a Semitic language; however evidence is not clear and the relation with Proto-Semitic *labiʾ- is not solid. Semitic "labi/lavi" could either be a parent term to the Greek one or both could have evolved independently from a now lost root.

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: lī'ən, IPA(key): /ˈlaɪən/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪən

NounEdit

lion (plural lions or lion, feminine lioness)

  1. A big cat, Panthera leo, native to Africa, India and formerly much of Europe.
    Tigers and lions share a common ancestor from a few million years ago.
    1. (in particular) A male lion, as opposed to a lioness.
  2. (by extension) Any of various extant and extinct big cats, especially the mountain lion.
  3. A Chinese foo dog.
  4. An individual who shows strength and courage, attributes associated with the lion.
    • 2003, Peter Armstrong and Angus McBride, Stirling Bridge & Falkirk 1297–98: William Wallace's Rebellion:
      It was said of [Edward Plantaganet] that 'he was a lion for pride and ferocity but a pard for inconstancy and changeableness, not keeping his word or promise but excusing himself with fair words'.
  5. A famous person regarded with interest and curiosity.
    • (Can we date this quote by Prof. Wilson and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Such society was far more enjoyable than that of Edinburgh, for here he was not a lion, but a man.
    • 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, ch. 4
      Rose Waterford was a cynic. She looked upon life as an opportunity for writing novels and the public as her raw material. Now and then she invited members of it to her house if they showed an appreciation of her talent and entertained with proper lavishness. She held their weakness for lions in good-humoured contempt, but played to them her part of the distinguished woman of letters with decorum.
  6. A light brown color that resembles the fur of a lion. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
    lion colour:  
  7. (historical) An old Scottish coin, with a lion on the obverse, worth 74 shillings.

HolonymsEdit

  • (individual Panthera leo): pride

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Hawaiian: liona
  • Japanese: ライオン (raion)
  • Maia: laion

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lion (not comparable)

  1. Of the light brown color that resembles the fur of a lion.

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French lion, a semi-learned borrowing from Latin leō, leōnem, from Ancient Greek λέων (léōn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lion m (plural lions, feminine lionne)

  1. (zoology) lion
    1. (specifically) male lion
  2. (figuratively) lion (brave person)
    Se défendre comme un lion, - to defend oneself with great courage
  3. (heraldry) lion
  4. (figuratively, dated) lion (celebrity; famous person)
  5. (dated) a style of elegant young man that came after the dandy

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Haitian Creole: lyon
  • Mauritian Creole: lyon
  • Seychellois Creole: lyon

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


KabuverdianuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Spanish león.

NounEdit

lion

  1. lion

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

lion

  1. Alternative form of lyoun

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Semi-learned borrowing from Latin leō, leōnem, derived from Ancient Greek λέων (léōn).

NounEdit

lion m (oblique plural lions, nominative singular lions, nominative plural lion)

  1. lion (animal)

DescendantsEdit


PiedmonteseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lion m

  1. lion (animal)
    Synonym: leon