HausaEdit

NounEdit

gwāzā f (possessed form gwāzar̃)

  1. taro, old cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta)

XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

-gwáza

  1. (transitive) to stab

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ɡwáːza/

VerbEdit

-gwáza

  1. (transitive) to stab
  2. (transitive) to slaughter

InflectionEdit

Tone H
Infinitive ukugwaza
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukugwaza ukungagwazi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular gwaza -gwaze
Plural gwazani -gwazeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyagwaza, ngigwaza engigwazayo, engigwaza ngigwaza angigwazi engingagwazi ngingagwazi
2nd singular uyagwaza, ugwaza ogwazayo, ogwaza ugwaza awugwazi ongagwazi ungagwazi
1st plural siyagwaza, sigwaza esigwazayo, esigwaza sigwaza asigwazi esingagwazi singagwazi
2nd plural niyagwaza, nigwaza enigwazayo, enigwaza nigwaza anigwazi eningagwazi ningagwazi
Class 1 uyagwaza, ugwaza ogwazayo, ogwaza egwaza akagwazi ongagwazi engagwazi
Class 2 bayagwaza, bagwaza abagwazayo, abagwaza begwaza abagwazi abangagwazi bengagwazi
Class 3 uyagwaza, ugwaza ogwazayo, ogwaza ugwaza awugwazi ongagwazi ungagwazi
Class 4 iyagwaza, igwaza egwazayo, egwaza igwaza ayigwazi engagwazi ingagwazi
Class 5 liyagwaza, ligwaza eligwazayo, eligwaza ligwaza aligwazi elingagwazi lingagwazi
Class 6 ayagwaza, agwaza agwazayo, agwaza egwaza awagwazi angagwazi engagwazi
Class 7 siyagwaza, sigwaza esigwazayo, esigwaza sigwaza asigwazi esingagwazi singagwazi
Class 8 ziyagwaza, zigwaza ezigwazayo, ezigwaza zigwaza azigwazi ezingagwazi zingagwazi
Class 9 iyagwaza, igwaza egwazayo, egwaza igwaza ayigwazi engagwazi ingagwazi
Class 10 ziyagwaza, zigwaza ezigwazayo, ezigwaza zigwaza azigwazi ezingagwazi zingagwazi
Class 11 luyagwaza, lugwaza olugwazayo, olugwaza lugwaza alugwazi olungagwazi lungagwazi
Class 14 buyagwaza, bugwaza obugwazayo, obugwaza bugwaza abugwazi obungagwazi bungagwazi
Class 15 kuyagwaza, kugwaza okugwazayo, okugwaza kugwaza akugwazi okungagwazi kungagwazi
Class 17 kuyagwaza, kugwaza okugwazayo, okugwaza kugwaza akugwazi okungagwazi kungagwazi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngigwazile, ngigwazē engigwazile, engigwazē ngigwazile, ngigwazē angigwazanga engingagwazanga ngingagwazanga
2nd singular ugwazile, ugwazē ogwazile, ogwazē ugwazile, ugwazē awugwazanga ongagwazanga ungagwazanga
1st plural sigwazile, sigwazē esigwazile, esigwazē sigwazile, sigwazē asigwazanga esingagwazanga singagwazanga
2nd plural nigwazile, nigwazē enigwazile, enigwazē nigwazile, nigwazē anigwazanga eningagwazanga ningagwazanga
Class 1 ugwazile, ugwazē ogwazile, ogwazē egwazile, egwazē akagwazanga ongagwazanga engagwazanga
Class 2 bagwazile, bagwazē abagwazile, abagwazē begwazile, begwazē abagwazanga abangagwazanga bengagwazanga
Class 3 ugwazile, ugwazē ogwazile, ogwazē ugwazile, ugwazē awugwazanga ongagwazanga ungagwazanga
Class 4 igwazile, igwazē egwazile, egwazē igwazile, igwazē ayigwazanga engagwazanga ingagwazanga
Class 5 ligwazile, ligwazē eligwazile, eligwazē ligwazile, ligwazē aligwazanga elingagwazanga lingagwazanga
Class 6 agwazile, agwazē agwazile, agwazē egwazile, egwazē awagwazanga angagwazanga engagwazanga
Class 7 sigwazile, sigwazē esigwazile, esigwazē sigwazile, sigwazē asigwazanga esingagwazanga singagwazanga
Class 8 zigwazile, zigwazē ezigwazile, ezigwazē zigwazile, zigwazē azigwazanga ezingagwazanga zingagwazanga
Class 9 igwazile, igwazē egwazile, egwazē igwazile, igwazē ayigwazanga engagwazanga ingagwazanga
Class 10 zigwazile, zigwazē ezigwazile, ezigwazē zigwazile, zigwazē azigwazanga ezingagwazanga zingagwazanga
Class 11 lugwazile, lugwazē olugwazile, olugwazē lugwazile, lugwazē alugwazanga olungagwazanga lungagwazanga
Class 14 bugwazile, bugwazē obugwazile, obugwazē bugwazile, bugwazē abugwazanga obungagwazanga bungagwazanga
Class 15 kugwazile, kugwazē okugwazile, okugwazē kugwazile, kugwazē akugwazanga okungagwazanga kungagwazanga
Class 17 kugwazile, kugwazē okugwazile, okugwazē kugwazile, kugwazē akugwazanga okungagwazanga kungagwazanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāgwaza engāgwaza ngāgwaza angigwazanga engingagwazanga ngingagwazanga
2nd singular wāgwaza owāgwaza wāgwaza awugwazanga ongagwazanga ungagwazanga
1st plural sāgwaza esāgwaza sāgwaza asigwazanga esingagwazanga singagwazanga
2nd plural nāgwaza enāgwaza nāgwaza anigwazanga eningagwazanga ningagwazanga
Class 1 wāgwaza owāgwaza āgwaza akagwazanga ongagwazanga engagwazanga
Class 2 bāgwaza abāgwaza bāgwaza abagwazanga abangagwazanga bengagwazanga
Class 3 wāgwaza owāgwaza wāgwaza awugwazanga ongagwazanga ungagwazanga
Class 4 yāgwaza eyāgwaza yāgwaza ayigwazanga engagwazanga ingagwazanga
Class 5 lāgwaza elāgwaza lāgwaza aligwazanga elingagwazanga lingagwazanga
Class 6 āgwaza āgwaza āgwaza awagwazanga angagwazanga engagwazanga
Class 7 sāgwaza esāgwaza sāgwaza asigwazanga esingagwazanga singagwazanga
Class 8 zāgwaza ezāgwaza zāgwaza azigwazanga ezingagwazanga zingagwazanga
Class 9 yāgwaza eyāgwaza yāgwaza ayigwazanga engagwazanga ingagwazanga
Class 10 zāgwaza ezāgwaza zāgwaza azigwazanga ezingagwazanga zingagwazanga
Class 11 lwāgwaza olwāgwaza lwāgwaza alugwazanga olungagwazanga lungagwazanga
Class 14 bāgwaza obāgwaza bāgwaza abugwazanga obungagwazanga bungagwazanga
Class 15 kwāgwaza okwāgwaza kwāgwaza akugwazanga okungagwazanga kungagwazanga
Class 17 kwāgwaza okwāgwaza kwāgwaza akugwazanga okungagwazanga kungagwazanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingagwaza ngingagwaza ngingegwaze ngingegwaze
2nd singular ungagwaza ungagwaza ungegwaze ungegwaze
1st plural singagwaza singagwaza singegwaze singegwaze
2nd plural ningagwaza ningagwaza ningegwaze ningegwaze
Class 1 angagwaza engagwaza angegwaze engegwaze
Class 2 bangagwaza bengagwaza bangegwaze bengegwaze
Class 3 ungagwaza ungagwaza ungegwaze ungegwaze
Class 4 ingagwaza ingagwaza ingegwaze ingegwaze
Class 5 lingagwaza lingagwaza lingegwaze lingegwaze
Class 6 angagwaza engagwaza angegwaze engegwaze
Class 7 singagwaza singagwaza singegwaze singegwaze
Class 8 zingagwaza zingagwaza zingegwaze zingegwaze
Class 9 ingagwaza ingagwaza ingegwaze ingegwaze
Class 10 zingagwaza zingagwaza zingegwaze zingegwaze
Class 11 lungagwaza lungagwaza lungegwaze lungegwaze
Class 14 bungagwaza bungagwaza bungegwaze bungegwaze
Class 15 kungagwaza kungagwaza kungegwaze kungegwaze
Class 17 kungagwaza kungagwaza kungegwaze kungegwaze
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizogwaza engizogwaza ngizogwaza angizugwaza engingezugwaza ngingezugwaza
2nd singular uzogwaza ozogwaza uzogwaza awuzugwaza ongezugwaza ungezugwaza
1st plural sizogwaza esizogwaza sizogwaza asizugwaza esingezugwaza singezugwaza
2nd plural nizogwaza enizogwaza nizogwaza anizugwaza eningezugwaza ningezugwaza
Class 1 uzogwaza ozogwaza ezogwaza akazugwaza ongezugwaza engezugwaza
Class 2 bazogwaza abazogwaza bezogwaza abazugwaza abangezugwaza bengezugwaza
Class 3 uzogwaza ozogwaza uzogwaza awuzugwaza ongezugwaza ungezugwaza
Class 4 izogwaza ezogwaza izogwaza ayizugwaza engezugwaza ingezugwaza
Class 5 lizogwaza elizogwaza lizogwaza alizugwaza elingezugwaza lingezugwaza
Class 6 azogwaza azogwaza ezogwaza awazugwaza angezugwaza engezugwaza
Class 7 sizogwaza esizogwaza sizogwaza asizugwaza esingezugwaza singezugwaza
Class 8 zizogwaza ezizogwaza zizogwaza azizugwaza ezingezugwaza zingezugwaza
Class 9 izogwaza ezogwaza izogwaza ayizugwaza engezugwaza ingezugwaza
Class 10 zizogwaza ezizogwaza zizogwaza azizugwaza ezingezugwaza zingezugwaza
Class 11 luzogwaza oluzogwaza luzogwaza aluzugwaza olungezugwaza lungezugwaza
Class 14 buzogwaza obuzogwaza buzogwaza abuzugwaza obungezugwaza bungezugwaza
Class 15 kuzogwaza okuzogwaza kuzogwaza akuzugwaza okungezugwaza kungezugwaza
Class 17 kuzogwaza okuzogwaza kuzogwaza akuzugwaza okungezugwaza kungezugwaza
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyogwaza engiyogwaza ngiyogwaza angiyugwaza engingeyugwaza ngingeyugwaza
2nd singular uyogwaza oyogwaza uyogwaza awuyugwaza ongeyugwaza ungeyugwaza
1st plural siyogwaza esiyogwaza siyogwaza asiyugwaza esingeyugwaza singeyugwaza
2nd plural niyogwaza eniyogwaza niyogwaza aniyugwaza eningeyugwaza ningeyugwaza
Class 1 uyogwaza oyogwaza eyogwaza akayugwaza ongeyugwaza engeyugwaza
Class 2 bayogwaza abayogwaza beyogwaza abayugwaza abangeyugwaza bengeyugwaza
Class 3 uyogwaza oyogwaza uyogwaza awuyugwaza ongeyugwaza ungeyugwaza
Class 4 iyogwaza eyogwaza iyogwaza ayiyugwaza engeyugwaza ingeyugwaza
Class 5 liyogwaza eliyogwaza liyogwaza aliyugwaza elingeyugwaza lingeyugwaza
Class 6 ayogwaza ayogwaza eyogwaza awayugwaza angeyugwaza engeyugwaza
Class 7 siyogwaza esiyogwaza siyogwaza asiyugwaza esingeyugwaza singeyugwaza
Class 8 ziyogwaza eziyogwaza ziyogwaza aziyugwaza ezingeyugwaza zingeyugwaza
Class 9 iyogwaza eyogwaza iyogwaza ayiyugwaza engeyugwaza ingeyugwaza
Class 10 ziyogwaza eziyogwaza ziyogwaza aziyugwaza ezingeyugwaza zingeyugwaza
Class 11 luyogwaza oluyogwaza luyogwaza aluyugwaza olungeyugwaza lungeyugwaza
Class 14 buyogwaza obuyogwaza buyogwaza abuyugwaza obungeyugwaza bungeyugwaza
Class 15 kuyogwaza okuyogwaza kuyogwaza akuyugwaza okungeyugwaza kungeyugwaza
Class 17 kuyogwaza okuyogwaza kuyogwaza akuyugwaza okungeyugwaza kungeyugwaza
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngigwaze ngingagwazi
2nd singular ugwaze ungagwazi
1st plural sigwaze singagwazi
2nd plural nigwaze ningagwazi
Class 1 agwaze angagwazi
Class 2 bagwaze bangagwazi
Class 3 ugwaze ungagwazi
Class 4 igwaze ingagwazi
Class 5 ligwaze lingagwazi
Class 6 agwaze angagwazi
Class 7 sigwaze singagwazi
Class 8 zigwaze zingagwazi
Class 9 igwaze ingagwazi
Class 10 zigwaze zingagwazi
Class 11 lugwaze lungagwazi
Class 14 bugwaze bungagwazi
Class 15 kugwaze kungagwazi
Class 17 kugwaze kungagwazi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngagwaza ngangagwaza, angagwaza, angangagwaza
2nd singular wagwaza wangagwaza, awagwaza, awangagwaza
1st plural sagwaza sangagwaza, asagwaza, asangagwaza
2nd plural nagwaza nangagwaza, anagwaza, anangagwaza
Class 1 wagwaza wangagwaza, akagwaza, akangagwaza
Class 2 bagwaza bangagwaza, abagwaza, abangagwaza
Class 3 wagwaza wangagwaza, awagwaza, awangagwaza
Class 4 yagwaza yangagwaza, ayagwaza, ayangagwaza
Class 5 lagwaza langagwaza, alagwaza, alangagwaza
Class 6 agwaza angagwaza, awagwaza, awangagwaza
Class 7 sagwaza sangagwaza, asagwaza, asangagwaza
Class 8 zagwaza zangagwaza, azagwaza, azangagwaza
Class 9 yagwaza yangagwaza, ayagwaza, ayangagwaza
Class 10 zagwaza zangagwaza, azagwaza, azangagwaza
Class 11 lwagwaza lwangagwaza, alwagwaza, alwangagwaza
Class 14 bagwaza bangagwaza, abagwaza, abangagwaza
Class 15 kwagwaza kwangagwaza, akwagwaza, akwangagwaza
Class 17 kwagwaza kwangagwaza, akwagwaza, akwangagwaza

ReferencesEdit