Latin Hamadryas, from Ancient Greek Ἁμαδρυάς (Hamadruás), from ἅμα (háma, together) + δρῦς (drûs, tree).



hamadryad (plural hamadryads or hamadryades)

  1. (Greek mythology) A wood-nymph who was physically a part of her tree; she would die if her tree were felled.
    • 1929, Robert Dean Frisbee, The Book of Puka-Puka (republished by Eland, 2019; p. 106):
      The various supports, rafters, braces and plates are of pandanus logs of a rich oily brown, and make one think of a sylvan cathedral where hamadryads might very well dance, where Syrinx might be chased by Pan, Daphne by Apollo, and various other heathen rites take place in the dark hours before the dawn.
  2. The king cobra.
  3. A kind of baboon, Papio hamadryas, venerated by the ancient Egyptians.
  4. Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genera Hamadryas and Tellervo.


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