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hardy +‎ -ness


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hardiness (countable and uncountable, plural hardinesses)

  1. The quality of being hardy.
    1. The quality of being able to withstand fatigue and hardship; (of a plant) the quality of being resistant to cold or other environmental conditions.
      Kale is known for its winter-hardiness.
      • 1642, John Milton, An apology against a pamphlet call’d A modest confutation of the animadversions upon the remonstrant against Smectymnuus, London: John Rothwell, p. 13,[1]
        [] with usefull and generous labours preserving the bodies health, and hardinesse; to render lightsome, cleare, and not lumpish obedience to the minde,
      • 1726, Jonathan Swift, Gulliver’s Travels, London: Benjamin Motte, Volume 2, Part 4, Chapter 8, p. 284,[2]
        But the Houyhnhnms train up their Youth to Strength, Speed, and Hardiness, by exercising them in running Races up and down steep Hills, and over hard and stony Grounds []
      • 1915, Nellie McClung, In Times Like These, Toronto: McLeod & Allen, Chapter 4,[3]
        Wild wheat is small and hard, quite capable of looking after itself, but its heads contain only a few small kernels. Cultivated wheat has lost its hardiness and its self-reliance, but its heads are filled with large kernels which feed the nation.
    2. (obsolete) The quality of being bold in the face of risk or authority.
      Synonyms: hardihood, audacity, boldness, firmness, assurance
      • c. 1609, William Shakespeare, Cymbeline, Act III, Scene 6,[4]
        Plenty and peace breeds cowards: hardness ever
        Of hardiness is mother.
      • 1702, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, The History of the Rebellion, Oxford, 1732, Volume 1, Book 5, p. 153,[5]
        [] they who were not yet grown to the hardiness of Avowing the contempt of the King [] would sooner have been checked, and recovered their Loyalty and Obedience.
      • 1856, John Ruskin, Modern Painters, Volume 3, Part 4, Chapter 6, § 6,[6]
        [] for every sorrow that his heart turned from, he lost a consolation; for every fear which he dared not confront, he lost a portion of his hardiness; the unsceptred sweep of the storm-clouds, the fair freedom of glancing shower and flickering sunbeam, sank into sweet rectitudes and decent formalisms;
  2. (obsolete) Hardship; fatigue.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, A View of the State of Ireland, in The Works of Mr. Edmund Spenser, London: Jacob Tonson, 1715, Volume 6, p. 1577,[7]
      Yet sure they are very valiant, and hardy, for the most part great Indurers of Cold, Labour, Hunger, and all Hardiness []

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