From Proto-Italic *heimrinos, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰey-m-r-ino-s, from *ǵʰey-. Equivalent to hiems (winter, cold, frost) +‎ -rnus.



hībernus (feminine hīberna, neuter hībernum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. wintry
  2. of or pertaining to winter
  3. (of places, esp. military camps) suitable for getting through the winter


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative hībernus hīberna hībernum hībernī hībernae hīberna
Genitive hībernī hībernae hībernī hībernōrum hībernārum hībernōrum
Dative hībernō hībernō hībernīs
Accusative hībernum hībernam hībernum hībernōs hībernās hīberna
Ablative hībernō hībernā hībernō hībernīs
Vocative hīberne hīberna hībernum hībernī hībernae hīberna


Derived termsEdit


  • Asturian: iviernu
  • Catalan: hivern
  • Italian: inverno
  • French: hiver
  • Portuguese: inverno
  • Spanish: invierno


  • hibernus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hibernus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hibernus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) in spring, summer, autumn, winter time: verno, aestivo, auctumnali, hiberno tempore
    • (ambiguous) to take the troops to their winter-quarters: milites in hibernis collocare, in hiberna deducere
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1620