Latin edit

Etymology edit

From hordeum (barley) +‎ -ārius

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

hordeārius (feminine hordeāria, neuter hordeārium); first/second-declension adjective

  1. Of or relating to barley.

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative hordeārius hordeāria hordeārium hordeāriī hordeāriae hordeāria
Genitive hordeāriī hordeāriae hordeāriī hordeāriōrum hordeāriārum hordeāriōrum
Dative hordeāriō hordeāriō hordeāriīs
Accusative hordeārium hordeāriam hordeārium hordeāriōs hordeāriās hordeāria
Ablative hordeāriō hordeāriā hordeāriō hordeāriīs
Vocative hordeārie hordeāria hordeārium hordeāriī hordeāriae hordeāria

Noun edit

hordeārius m

  1. (in the plural) Gladiators.
    • Pliny, Naturalis Historia 18.14:
      Antiquissimum in cibis hordeum, sicut Atheniensium ritu Menandro auctore apparet et gladiatorum cognomine, qui hordearii vocabantur.
      Barley is one of the most ancient aliments of man, a fact that is proved by a custom of the Athenians, mentioned by Menander, as also by the name of "hordearii," that used to be given to gladiators.

Declension edit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative hordeārius hordeāriī
Genitive hordeāriī
Dative hordeāriō hordeāriīs
Accusative hordeārium hordeāriōs
Ablative hordeāriō hordeāriīs
Vocative hordeārie hordeāriī

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

References edit

  • hordearius”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hordearius”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hordearius in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • hordearius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • hordearius”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
    • hordearius”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin