See also: Arius and Aríus

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From earlier *-ās-(i)jo- (cf. Oscan sakrasias and Umbrian plenasier), formed from *-āso- (from PIE *-eh₂so-, cf. the Hittite appurtenance suffix -ašša-[1]), extended with the relational adjectival suffix *-yós (belonging to).

SuffixEdit

-ārius (feminine -āria, neuter -ārium); first/second-declension suffix

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns or numerals.
    camera (vault, arch) + ‎-ārius → ‎camerārius (climbing, creeping)
    ordō (line, row) + ‎-ārius → ‎ordinārius (ordinary, of the rank and file)
    quaternī (four at a time, by fours) + ‎-ārius → ‎quaternārius (quaternary)
DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative -ārius -āria -ārium -āriī -āriae -āria
Genitive -āriī -āriae -āriī -āriōrum -āriārum -āriōrum
Dative -āriō -āriō -āriīs
Accusative -ārium -āriam -ārium -āriōs -āriās -āria
Ablative -āriō -āriā -āriō -āriīs
Vocative -ārie -āria -ārium -āriī -āriae -āria
Derived termsEdit
Usage notesEdit

The nominative neuter form -arium, when appended to nouns, forms derivative nouns denoting a “place where things are kept”.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Miller, D. Gary (2006) Latin Suffixal Derivatives in English and their Indo-European Ancestry., Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, pages 140–41

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

SuffixEdit

-ārius m (genitive -āriī or -ārī); second declension

  1. (masculine only) -er; Used to form nouns denoting an agent of use, such as a dealer or artisan, from other nouns.
    argentum (silver) + ‎-ārius → ‎argentārius (banker)
    avicula (little bird) + ‎-ārius → ‎aviculārius (bird keeper)
    rēte (net) + ‎-ārius → ‎rētiārius (net fighter)
DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -ārius -āriī
Genitive -āriī
-ārī1
-āriōrum
Dative -āriō -āriīs
Accusative -ārium -āriōs
Ablative -āriō -āriīs
Vocative -ārie -āriī

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit