See also: Hordeum

Latin Edit

Alternative forms Edit

Etymology Edit

From Proto-Italic *horzdeom, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰr̥sdeyom (bristly) after the long prickly awns of the ear of grain.

Cognate to Old High German gersta (barley), German Gerste (barley), English gorse. Related to Latin horreo (to bristle), hirsutus (hairy), and ericius (urchin)

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

hordeum n (genitive hordeī); second declension

  1. barley

Usage notes Edit

Classical writers used plural forms, but critics such as Bavius claimed that it should be used only in the singular.

Declension Edit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative hordeum hordea
Genitive hordeī hordeōrum
Dative hordeō hordeīs
Accusative hordeum hordea
Ablative hordeō hordeīs
Vocative hordeum hordea

Derived terms Edit

Descendants Edit

References Edit

  • hordeum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hordeum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hordeum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette