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LatvianEdit

 kareivis on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Kareivis
 
Sardzes kareivis

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Lithuanian kareĩvis, introduced into Latvian by J. Alunāns. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it meant mostly “warrior” (like German Krieger), after which it became increasingly used in the sense of “soldier” (previously expressed only by the Germanism zaldāts).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

kareivis m (2nd declension)

  1. soldier, private (the first (lowest) rank in the army; a soldier of this rank)
    sardzes kareivis‎ ― watch (lit. watch soldier)
    kareivja formas tērps‎ ― soldier's uniform
  2. soldier, warrior in general
    diženais kareivis aizauļo zirgā‎ ― the great warrior galloped away on a horse
  3. (figuratively) soldier, fighter (for a cause, ideal, etc.)
    mākslas kritiķis ir kareivis, kas cīnās par mākslas progresu‎ ― the art critic is a soldier who fights for the progress of art

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kareivis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7