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TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish قورتارمق(kurtarmak, to save, rescue, disentangle, set free), from Proto-Turkic *kurt-gar- (to rescue), causative of the unattested stem *kurt-. Cognate to kurtulmak (to be saved) passive form of the same root.

Cognate with Old Uyghur [script needed] (qurtɣar-, to rescue), Karakhanid [script needed] (qutɣarmāq, to rescue), Azerbaijani qurtarmaq (to rescue), Bashkir ҡотҡарыу (qotqarïw, to save), Chuvash хӑтарма (hătarma, to save), Kazakh құтқару (qutqarw, to save), Kyrgyz куткаруу (kutkaruu, to save, rescue), Turkmen gutarmak (to end, finish), Uyghur قۇتقازماق(qutqazmaq, to rescue), Uzbek qutqarmoq.

VerbEdit

kurtarmak (third-person singular simple present kurtarır)

  1. (transitive) to save, rescue (to help someone or something to survive); to disentangle, set free
    Kardeşimi kurtardılar.They rescued my brother/sister.
  2. (transitive) to relieve, free, to release (someone) from or of a difficulty, unwanted task, responsibility etc.

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Clauson, Gerard (1972), “kurtğar-”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 649