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TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish اولمق (olmak, to exist, be, become, happen, fit, ripen, mature), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] (ol-), [script needed] (bol-, to become), from Proto-Turkic *bōl- (to become).[1] Presently obsolete bolmak was predominant until the conclusion of the sixteenth century (Common Era),[2] existed contemporaneously with olmak which was attested quite early too. The relation between the two is unclear; according to Dybo, forms commencing with o- may very well represent a differing root (confer oturmak). On the other hand, the geographical distribution of this variant matches quite closely the change *b- > v- (please confer Turkish var (there is), or vermek (to give)) so it may forsooth mirror the following change: *bol- > *vol- > ol-.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [oɫˈmák]
  • Hyphenation: ol‧mak

VerbEdit

olmak (third-person singular simple present olur)

  1. (intransitive) to become, come to exist, come into being
  2. to happen, occur, be, take place, befall
  3. to be, to have or occupy a place or position, be located or situated at
  4. (with possessive marker in object) to have, own
  5. (of time) to pass, elapse, be
  6. to suffice, be acceptable, be all right, be okay
  7. to be possible, be apparently valid, be likely, be plausible
  8. to ripen, mature; (for food) to be cooked, be done
  9. (with dative case, of clothes) to fit, suit
  10. (with ablative case) to lose, be deprived of
  11. to have, undergo something, to be afflicted with, suffer from, experience something negative, to catch a disease

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bōl-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2015-02-12), “ol-”, in Nişanyan Sözlük