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From the name of the god Mārs.



mārtius (feminine mārtia, neuter mārtium); first/second-declension adjective

  1. of March, the first month of the traditional Roman year or third month of the Gregorian calendar
  2. of or belonging to Mars, the god of war
  3. (figuratively) warlike, martial

Usage notesEdit

In Latin, the month names are used as adjectives. In the Classical period, this adjective modifies a noun identifying a particular day, from which the date was reckoned. In Medieval Latin and later periods, the adjective modifies a numeral for the day of the month.


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative mārtius mārtia mārtium mārtiī mārtiae mārtia
Genitive mārtiī mārtiae mārtiī mārtiōrum mārtiārum mārtiōrum
Dative mārtiō mārtiō mārtiīs
Accusative mārtium mārtiam mārtium mārtiōs mārtiās mārtia
Ablative mārtiō mārtiā mārtiō mārtiīs
Vocative mārtie mārtia mārtium mārtiī mārtiae mārtia

Related termsEdit


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