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See also: mencā

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LatvianEdit

 
Menca

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *menkyā-, from Proto-Indo-European *menk- (to knead, to crush) (> “to weaken, to make small, low-valued”); the full en remained in Kurzeme dialects (compare, from the same stem, mīksts (soft), mīcīt (to knead), where en > ī), from which it spread to other dialects. The semantic development suggests that this fish was seen as unimportant or low-valued. Cognates include Lithuanian ménkė, dialectal menkia; the same stem is also found in Lithuanian meñkas (minor, small, unimportant, weak).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

menca f (4th declension)

  1. cod, codfish (sea fish, family Gadidae)
    Atlantijas mencaAtlantic cod
    mencu sugascod species (plural)
    mencu zvejacod fishing
    mencu filejacod filet
    kūpināta mencasmoked cod
    menca eļļācodfish in oil

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “menca”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7