See also: mencā

Contents

LatvianEdit

 
Menca

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *menkyā-, from Proto-Indo-European *menk-(to knead, to crush) (> “to weaken, to make small, low-valued”); the full en remained in Kurzeme dialects (compare, from the same stem, mīksts(soft), mīcīt(to knead), where en > ī), from which it spread to other dialects. The semantic development suggests that this fish was seen as unimportant or low-valued. Cognates include Lithuanian ménkė, dialectal menkia; the same stem is also found in Lithuanian meñkas(minor, small, unimportant, weak).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

menca f (4th declension)

  1. cod, codfish (sea fish, family Gadidae)
    Atlantijas menca‎ ― Atlantic cod
    mencu sugas‎ ― cod species (plural)
    mencu zveja‎ ― cod fishing
    mencu fileja‎ ― cod filet
    kūpināta menca‎ ― smoked cod
    menca eļļā‎ ― codfish in oil

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “menca”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7