Last modified on 29 April 2015, at 12:50


See also: COD


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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English cod, codde, from Old English cod, codd (bag, pouch), from Proto-Germanic *kuddô, from Proto-Indo-European *gewt- (pouch, sack), from *gew-, *gū- (to bend, bow, arch, vault, curve). Cognate with Scots cod, codd, coad, kod (pillow, cushion), Low German Koden, Kon (belly, paunch), Dutch kodde (scrotum), Danish kodde (testicle), Swedish kudde (cushion), Faroese koddi (pillow), Icelandic koddi (pillow).


cod (plural cods)

  1. (obsolete) A small bag or pouch.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
  2. (UK, obsolete) A husk or integument; a pod.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Luke XV:
      And he wolde fayne have filled his bely with the coddes, that the swyne ate: and noo man gave hym.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)
  3. (now rare) The scrotum (also in plural).
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, III.4:
      that which we call castoreum [] are not the same to be termed testicles or stones; for these cods or follicles are found in both sexes, though somewhat more protuberant in the male.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dunglison to this entry?)
  4. (obsolete or UK dialectal, Scotland) A pillow or cushion.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Origin uncertain; perhaps ultimately the same as Etymology 1, above.


cod (usually uncountable, plural cod or cods)

  1. The Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua.
  2. The sea fish of the genus Gadus generally, as inclusive of the Pacific and Greenland cod.
  3. The sea fish of the family Gadidae which are sold as "cod", as haddock and whiting.
  4. (informal, usually with qualifiers) Other unrelated fish which are similarly important to regional fisheries, as the hapuku and cultus cod.
  5. (informal, usually with qualifiers) Other unrelated fish which resemble the Atlantic cod, as the rock cod and blue cod.
Usage notesEdit

The term Atlantic cod is now used where it is desired to distinguish the other members of Gadus or the Gadidae. Similar qualifiers are used to distinguish the other members, as well as the unrelated fish in the term's other senses. The plural form cod has become more common than the form cods.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Origin unknown.


cod (plural cods)

  1. A joke or an imitation.
    I assume it all could just be a cod.
  2. A stupid or foolish person.
    He's making a right cod of himself.


cod (comparative more cod, superlative most cod)

  1. Having the character of imitation; jocular. (now usually attributive, forming mostly compound adjectives).
    “Illegitimi non carborundum” is a well-known example of cod Latin.
    Dalton categorises Muse's latest composition as “cod-classical bombast”.


cod (third-person singular simple present cods, present participle codding, simple past and past participle codded)

  1. (slang, transitive, dialectal) To attempt to deceive or confuse.

Derived termsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit


cod (plural cods)

  1. scrotum

Derived termsEdit



From Old Danish kodde or Old Norse koddi.



cod (plural cods)

  1. pillow