See also: COD, còd, côd, and C.O.D.

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English cod, codde, from Old English cod, codd (bag, pouch), from Proto-Germanic *kuddô, from Proto-Indo-European *gewt- (pouch, sack), from *gew- (to bend, bow, arch, vault, curve). Cognate with Scots cod, codd, coad, kod (pillow, cushion), Low German Koden, Kon (belly, paunch), Middle Dutch codde (scrotum), Danish kodde (testicle), Swedish kudde (cushion), Faroese koddi (pillow), Icelandic koddi (pillow).

NounEdit

cod (plural cods)

  1. (obsolete) A small bag or pouch.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
  2. (Britain, obsolete) A husk or integument; a pod.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Luke XV:
      And he wolde fayne have filled his bely with the coddes, that the swyne ate: and noo man gave hym.
    • 1707, J[ohn] Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry; or, The Way of Managing and Improving of Land. [], 2nd edition, London: [] J[ohn] H[umphreys] for H[enry] Mortlock [], and J[onathan] Robinson [], published 1708, OCLC 13320837:
      its Cods are very crooked and ill ſhaped
  3. (now rare) The scrotum (also in plural).
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, III.4:
      that which we call castoreum [] are not the same to be termed testicles or stones; for these cods or follicles are found in both sexes, though somewhat more protuberant in the male.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dunglison to this entry?)
  4. (obsolete or Britain dialectal, Scotland) A pillow or cushion.
    • 1915 [a.1642], Yorkshire Archæological Society, John Lister, editor, West Riding Sessions Records, fol. 148:
      Elizabeth Pitt, wife of Thomas Pitt of Haldon, clothier, Elizabeth Clerke of the same, spinster, and Jane Topliffe, wife of James Topliffe of the same, laborer, for stealing there on 1st Nov., 1640, a petticoat (parvacidam) value 4s., two children's coats value 2s., a feather bed cod value 2s., the property of Richard Bradley.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English cod, codde, of uncertain origin:

  • Oldest English form cotfich as a surname in the 13th century; for more see cot (chamber, cottage).
  • Same as Etymology 1, above; a bag or pouch, related to its bloated shape.
  • From Latin gadus, from Ancient Greek γάδος (gádos, fish) with a possible pre-Greek or Semitic origin; for more see Atargatis, Cetus, and κῆτος (kêtos).

NounEdit

cod (usually uncountable, plural cod or cods)

  1. The Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua.
  2. The sea fish of the genus Gadus generally, as inclusive of the Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) and Greenland cod (Gadus ogac or Gadus macrocephalus ogac).
  3. The sea fish of the family Gadidae which are sold as "cod", as haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) and whiting (usually Merlangius merlangus).
  4. (informal, usually with qualifiers) Other unrelated fish which are similarly important to regional fisheries, as the hapuku and cultus cod.
  5. (informal, usually with qualifiers) Other unrelated fish which resemble the Atlantic cod, as the rock cod (Lotella rhacina) and blue cod (Parapercis colias).
Usage notesEdit

The term Atlantic cod is now used where it is desired to distinguish the other members of Gadus or the Gadidae. Similar qualifiers are used to distinguish the other members, as well as the unrelated fish in the term's other senses. The plural form cod has become more common than the form cods.

SynonymsEdit
HypernymsEdit
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Origin unknown. Attested in reference to a person (though not always a stupid or foolish person) from the end of the 17th century. The Oxford English Dictionary (1891) notes that a suggested link to codger is unlikely, as cod appears much earlier.

NounEdit

cod (plural cods)

  1. A joke or an imitation.
    I assume it all could just be a cod.
  2. A stupid or foolish person.
    He's making a right cod of himself.

AdjectiveEdit

cod (comparative more cod, superlative most cod)

  1. Having the character of imitation; jocular. (now usually attributive, forming mostly compound adjectives).
    “Illegitimi non carborundum” is a well-known example of cod Latin.
    Dalton categorises Muse's latest composition as “cod-classical bombast”.
    • 2006 July, Kim Newman, “Ultraviolet”, in Sight and Sound, volume 16, page 78:
      [] the director's vision has devolved from cod Orwell to riffing off bad girl art comic books and generally feeble posing.
    • 2021 February 5, Nicholas Barber, “The Great Dictator: The film that dared to laugh at Hitler”, in BBC[1]:
      Hynkel's anti-Semitic rants (consisting of cod-German punctuated by shouts of "Juden") are terrifying, but there is no conviction behind them, just a desperate need to distract the Tomainians from his economic failures.
  2. (Polari) Bad.
    • 1968 March 17, Kenneth Horne, Bona Rags (Round the Horne), season 4, spoken by Julian and Sandy (Hugh Paddick and Kenneth Williams):
      Sandy: Right, right, well I'll just open the wardrobe. Oh, here, look—his wardrobe. Ha!
      Julian: Ha! Oh what a naff lot!
      Sandy: It is a bit cod isn't it.
    • 1997, Gardiner, James, Who's a Pretty Boy Then?, page 137:
      Will you take a varder at the cartz on the feely-omi in the naf strides: the one with the bona blue ogles polarying the omi-palone with a vogue on and a cod sheitel.
    • 2016 September 18, Cotton, Antony, Twitter[2]:
      Hahahahaha! @AnnaJaneCasey Vada the homi ajax, with the naff riah and the cod lally drags. Ooooo she's camp...
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

cod (third-person singular simple present cods, present participle codding, simple past and past participle codded)

  1. (slang, transitive, dialectal) To attempt to deceive or confuse.

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English codd (bag, pouch), from Proto-Germanic *kuddô, from Proto-Indo-European *gewt- (pouch, sack), from *gew- (to bend, bow, arch, vault, curve). The "pillow" sense is from Old Danish kodde or Old Norse koddi, from the same Proto-Germanic source.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cod (plural coddes)

  1. A seedpod; a plant's natural casing for its seeds.
  2. A scrotum, ballsack; a case for the testicles.
  3. A pillow or cushion; a piece of cushioning.
  4. (rare) A sack or pouch; a case for items.
  5. (rare) The gullet, windpipe or esophagus.
  6. (rare) The chest or stomach region.
  7. (rare) A ball bearing; a metal ball acting to cushion.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: cod
  • Scots: cod

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown; see English cod.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cod (plural coddes)

  1. cod, codfish
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From French code.

NounEdit

cod n (plural coduri)

  1. code
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From English cod.

NounEdit

cod m (plural cozi)

  1. (zoology) cod
DeclensionEdit

ScotsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English cod, from Old English codd (bag, pouch), from Proto-Germanic *kuddô. The "pillow" sense is from Old Danish kodde or Old Norse koddi, from the same Proto-Germanic source.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cod (plural cods)

  1. A pillow or cushion.
  2. A seedpod; a plant's natural casing for its seeds.

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English code

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cod m (plural codau)

  1. code

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cod god nghod chod
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “cod”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies