Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From meng- +‎ -kan.

Pronunciation edit

Circumfix edit

meng- -kan

  1. When attached to certain adjectives, it forms a transitive verb whose meaning is, to make (adjective). The same construction could also be done to certain nouns; -en.
  2. Forms the benefactive form of verbs.

Alternative forms edit

  • me- -kan (IPA(key): /mə.kan/, before initials of /l/, /m/, /n/, /ɲ/ ⟨ny⟩, /ŋ/ ⟨ng⟩, /r/, /w/ and /y/.)
  • mem- -kan (IPA(key): /məm.kan/, before initials of /b/, /p/ or /f/, except initial per-, will remove initial /p/, will sometimes remove initial /f/)
  • men- -kan (IPA(key): /mən.kan/, before initials of /d/, and /t/, will remove initial /t/)
  • men- -kan (IPA(key): /məɲ.kan/, before initials of /t͡ʃ/ ⟨c⟩, /d͡ʒ/ ⟨j⟩, /ʃ/ ⟨sy⟩, and /z/)
  • meng- -kan (IPA(key): /məŋ.kan/, before initials of /g/, /h/, /k/ and vowels, will sometimes remove initial /k/)
  • menge- -kan (IPA(key): /məŋə.kan/, before monosyllabic roots)
  • meny- -kan (IPA(key): /məɲ.kan/, before initials of /s/, will remove initial /s/)

Further reading edit