Bambara

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Suffix

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-kan

  1. language

Derived terms

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Garo

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Affix

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-kan

  1. 3rd person imperative, let it
    tusikan
    let him sleep

Indonesian

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Alternative forms

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  • -ken (Java Bazzar Malay)

Etymology

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Inherited from Malay -kan, from Proto-Malayic *-kən, shortened form of Proto-Malayic *akən. Doublet of akan (will (future tense auxiliary)).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /-kan/
  • Rhymes: -an
  • Hyphenation: -kan

Suffix

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-kan (verb base, imperative -kan, active meng- -kan, passive di- -kan)

  1. used to indicate transitive imperative beneficial verbs
    Belikan aku sebatang pensil!
    Buy me a pencil!
  2. used to indicate transitive imperative causative verb, from an intransitive verb base: to order and cause the object to perform [base].
    Bangunkan Siti!
    Wake up Siti!
  3. used to indicate transitive imperative instrumental verb, from an intransitive verb base
    Tikamkan belati ini ke perut harimau itu!
    Thrust this knife into that tiger’s belly!
  4. used to indicate transitive imperative locative verb, from a noun base.
    Pasarkan buku itu!
    Take that book to the market!
    Gudangkan kursi ini!
    Take this chair into the warehouse!
  5. used to indicate transitive imperative causative verb, from a noun base.
    Korbankan dia!
    Sacrifice him!

Usage notes

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  • When this suffix is ​​combined with the prefixes meng-, di-, ter-, and ke-, the imperative aspect is lost.

Derived terms

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Combined affixes

Further reading

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Japanese

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Romanization

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-kan

  1. Rōmaji transcription of かん

Malay

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayic *-kən, shortened form of Proto-Malayic *akən. Related to akan (will (future tense auxiliary)).

Pronunciation

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Suffix

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-kan

  1. Used to indicate transitive imperative verbs
    Belikan saya sebatang pen.Buy me a pen.
    Haramkan aktiviti ini.Ban this activity.
    • 1303 CE, Terengganu Inscription Stone:
      داٮع ٮرىكں، كامڡ[تْ]اورع ٮرٯهوٮع
      Datang berikan. Keempat orang berpiutan
      Come hither. The fourth for debtors.
  2. (before an object) Used to form transitive verbs
    • 1371 CE [c. 1296–1316 CE], Kadi Hasan, Hikayat Bayan Budiman (fiction), translation of Tutinama by Ziya' al-Din Nakhshabi (in Persian); transcribed from Jawi script into the Latin alphabet Ekawati Ekawati, Doni Setiyawan, editors, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, 2016, →ISBN:
      Sebagai pemimpin, Raja Bayan menyampaikan idenya kepada bayan-bayan yang lain.
      Like a leader, King Parrot told his plan to the other parrots.

Synonyms

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  • (before a person) -i

Derived terms

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Ojibwe

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Noun

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-kan (obligatorily possessed)

  1. bone

Derived terms

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See also

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References

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Turkish

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preceding vowel
A / I / O / U E / İ / Ö / Ü
default -gan -gen
assimilated -kan -ken

Pronunciation

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Suffix

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-kan

  1. Assimilated form of -gan after the vowels A / I / O / U.
    gez- (to wander, to go about) + ‎-egen → ‎gezegen (planet)
    çekin- (to abstain, to hesitate) + ‎-gen → ‎çekingen (shy, reserved)
    çalış- (to work, to study) + ‎-kan → ‎çalışkan (hardworking)