See also: ortho-



ortho (plural orthos)

  1. (chemistry) An isomer of a benzene derivative having two substituents adjacent on the ring
    • 1887 December 21, Thomas M. Morgan, “On Some Derivatives of Ortho-Nitro-Cinnamic Acid”[269], Chemical News: 
      When the cinnamic acid had been nitrated the ortho was separated from the para, by suspending in alcohol and leading hydrochloric acid gas into the mixture : [] .
    • 2009 February 27, P. Neumann et al., “Response to Comment on "Multipartite Entanglement Among Single Spins in Diamond"[1], Science, volume 323, number 5918, DOI:10.1126/science.1168459: 
      Similarly, it also does not make sense to call the spin states of ortho and para hydrogen entangled.
  2. (astronomy) A certain type of flat eyepiece
    • 1998, Terence Dickinson, NightWatch: A Practical Guide to Viewing the Universe, page 76:
      Orthos are excellent eyepieces, still preferred by some backyard astronomers for medium- and high-power applications, especially planetary observing.
  3. (photography, dated) An orthochromatic plate
    • 1908 June, Charles F. Rice, “On the Use of Orthochromatic Plates”, Photographic Times, page 174: 
      Wherever the exposure is likely to be cut short— and this includes all high speed work and most portraiture — the ortho is not so suitable as the ordinary plate.
  4. (imaging) An orthophoto
    • 2001, Drew Decker, GIS Data Sources, page 105:
      The typical orthophoto building process is a long one, however, and the photography that the orthos are based may be several years old before an orthophoto is ready for distribution.


Last modified on 16 June 2013, at 18:32