ortho

See also: ortho-

EnglishEdit

NounEdit

ortho (plural orthos)

  1. (chemistry) An isomer of a benzene derivative having two substituents adjacent on the ring
    • 1887 December 21, Thomas M. Morgan, “On Some Derivatives of Ortho-Nitro-Cinnamic Acid”[269], Chemical News: 
      When the cinnamic acid had been nitrated the ortho was separated from the para, by suspending in alcohol and leading hydrochloric acid gas into the mixture : [] .
    • 2009 February 27, P. Neumann et al., “Response to Comment on "Multipartite Entanglement Among Single Spins in Diamond"[1], Science, volume 323, number 5918, DOI:10.1126/science.1168459: 
      Similarly, it also does not make sense to call the spin states of ortho and para hydrogen entangled.
  2. (astronomy) A certain type of flat eyepiece
    • 1998, Terence Dickinson, NightWatch: A Practical Guide to Viewing the Universe, page 76:
      Orthos are excellent eyepieces, still preferred by some backyard astronomers for medium- and high-power applications, especially planetary observing.
  3. (photography, dated) An orthochromatic plate
    • 1908 June, Charles F. Rice, “On the Use of Orthochromatic Plates”, Photographic Times, page 174: 
      Wherever the exposure is likely to be cut short— and this includes all high speed work and most portraiture — the ortho is not so suitable as the ordinary plate.
  4. (imaging) An orthophoto
    • 2001, Drew Decker, GIS Data Sources, page 105:
      The typical orthophoto building process is a long one, however, and the photography that the orthos are based may be several years old before an orthophoto is ready for distribution.

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Last modified on 16 June 2013, at 18:32