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Appendix:Dutch pronunciation

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Dutch pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b bal ball
d dan done
jungle jungle
f fiets fits
ɡ goal goal
ɣ gast loch (Scottish), but with voice
ɦ had hut, but with voice
j ja yard
k koud cold
l last last
m mast must
n nat not
ŋ lang long
p pak puck
r rest rest, trilled/rolled or uvular trill [ʀ]
s saai say
ʃ chef chef
t tal tall
check check
v vat vat
ʋ wat Watt, but with upper teeth against lower lips
x lach loch (Scottish)
z ziek zip
ʒ montage montage
Stress
ˈ buideldier
[ˈbœydəlˌdiːr]
as in battleship
[ˈbætəlˌʃɪp]
ˌ
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Monophthongs
ɑ dak dog (but more open), pa (but shorter)
baan pa
ɛ bed bed
beet bait
ɛː crème yeah, or RP English bare
ɪ zit sit
i ziet seat (but shorter)
zier seat
ɔ post boss
boot boat
ɔː zone law
øː leuk somewhat like hurl; French deux
u poets you but shorter, took but more closed/tense
boer you
ʏ nut much like the below but shorter
y nu French rue
zuur French rue, but longer
Diphthongs
ɛi̯ wijd, eis between tie and day (the latter more as in Australia)
ɑu̯ hout, blauw how
œy̯ huid Similar to French fauteuil, no exact equivalent in English. Approximated as tie with rounded lips, or how with fronted lips.
Reduced vowels
ə halte comma, label, chatter