Appendix:Dutch pronunciation

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Dutch pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

IPA Examples English approximation
b bal ball
d dan done
f fiets fits
ɣ gast loch (Scottish), but with voice
ɦ had hut, but with voice
j ja yard
k koud cold
l last last
m mast must
n nat not
ŋ lang long
p pak puck
r rest rest, trilled/rolled or uvular trill [ʀ]
s saai say
t tal tall
v vat vat
ʋ wat Watt, but with upper teeth against lower lips
x lach loch (Scottish)
z ziek zip
Consonants found in loanwords
jungle jungle
ɡ goal goal
ʃ chef chef
check check
ʒ montage montage
ˈ buideldier
as in battleship
IPA Examples English approximation
ɑ dak dog (but more open), pa (but shorter)
baan pa
ɛ bed bed
beet bait
ɛː crème yeah, or RP English bare
ɪ zit sit
i ziet seat (but shorter)
zier seat
ɔ post boss
boot boat
ɔː zone law
øː leuk somewhat like hurl; French deux
u poets you but shorter, took but more closed/tense
boer you
ʏ nut much like the one below, but with the tongue slightly further from the lips
y nu French rue
zuur French rue, but longer
ɛi̯ wijd, eis between tie and day (the latter more as in Australia)
ɑu̯ hout, blauw how
œy̯ huid Similar to French fauteuil, no exact equivalent in English. Approximated as tie with rounded lips, or how with fronted lips.
Reduced vowels
ə halte comma, label, chatter