See also: Ring and riñg

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English ring, from Old English hring (ring, circle), from Proto-Germanic *hringaz (ring), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)krengʰ-, extended nasalized form of *(s)ker- (to turn, bend). Cognate with West Frisian ring, Low German Ring, Dutch ring, German Ring, Swedish ring, also Finnish rengas. Doublet of rink.

NounEdit

ring (plural rings)

  1. (physical) A solid object in the shape of a circle.
    1. A circumscribing object, (roughly) circular and hollow, looking like an annual ring, earring, finger ring etc.
      Synonyms: annulus, hoop, torus
    2. A round piece of (precious) metal worn around the finger or through the ear, nose, etc.
    3. (Britain) A bird band, a round piece of metal put around a bird's leg used for identification and studies of migration.
    4. (Britain) A burner on a kitchen stove.
    5. In a jack plug, the connector between the tip and the sleeve.
    6. (historical) An instrument, formerly used for taking the sun's altitude, consisting of a brass ring suspended by a swivel, with a hole at one side through which a solar ray entering indicated the altitude on the graduated inner surface opposite.
    7. (botany) A flexible band partly or wholly encircling the spore cases of ferns.
  2. (physical) A group of objects arranged in a circle.
    1. A circular group of people or objects.
      a ring of mushrooms growing in the wood
    2. (astronomy) A formation of various pieces of material orbiting around a planet or young star.
    3. (Britain) A large circular prehistoric stone construction such as Stonehenge.
  3. A piece of food in the shape of a ring.
    onion rings
  4. A place where some sports or exhibitions take place; notably a circular or comparable arena, such as a boxing ring or a circus ring; hence the field of a political contest.
    • 1707, Edmund Smith, Phaedra and Hippolitus
      Place me, O, place me in the dusty ring, / Where youthful charioteers contend for glory.
    1. The open space in front of a racecourse stand, used for betting purposes.
  5. An exclusive group of people, usually involving some unethical or illegal practices.
    a crime ring; a prostitution ring; a bidding ring (at an auction sale)
    • 1877, Edward Augustus Freeman, The History of the Norman Conquest of England
      the ruling ring at Constantinople
    • 1928, Upton Sinclair, Boston
      It's a blackmail ring, and the district attorneys get a share of the loot.
    • 2018 July 31, Julia Carrie Wong, “What is QAnon? Explaining the bizarre rightwing conspiracy theory”, in The Guardian[1]:
      In a thread called “Calm Before the Storm”, and in subsequent posts, Q established his legend as a government insider with top security clearance who knew the truth about a secret struggle for power involving Donald Trump, the “deep state”, Robert Mueller, the Clintons, pedophile rings, and other stuff.
  6. (chemistry) A group of atoms linked by bonds to form a closed chain in a molecule.
    a benzene ring
  7. (geometry) A planar geometrical figure included between two concentric circles.
  8. (typography) A diacritical mark in the shape of a hollow circle placed above or under the letter; a kroužek.
  9. (historical) An old English measure of corn equal to the coomb or half a quarter.
    • 1866, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 1, page 168.
      The ring is common in the Huntingdonshire accounts of Ramsey Abbey. It was equal to half a quarter, i.e., is identical with the coomb of the eastern counties
  10. (computing theory) A hierarchical level of privilege in a computer system, usually at hardware level, used to protect data and functionality (also protection ring).
    • 2007, Steve Anson, Steve Bunting, Mastering Windows Network Forensics and Investigation (page 70)
      Kernel Mode processes run in ring 0, and User Mode processes run in ring 3.
  11. (firearms) Either of the pair of clamps used to hold a telescopic sight to a rifle.
  12. (cartomancy) The twenty-fifth Lenormand card.
Derived termsEdit
Terms derived from "ring" (etymology 1)
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
GalleryEdit

VerbEdit

ring (third-person singular simple present rings, present participle ringing, simple past and past participle ringed)

  1. (transitive) To enclose or surround.
    The inner city was ringed with dingy industrial areas.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To make an incision around; to girdle.
    They ringed the trees to make the clearing easier next year.
  3. (transitive) To attach a ring to, especially for identification.
    We managed to ring 22 birds this morning.
    • 1919, Popular Science (volume 95, number 4, page 31)
      Ringing a pig of ordinary size is easy, but special arrangements must be made for handling the big ones.
  4. (transitive) To surround or fit with a ring, or as if with a ring.
    to ring a pig’s snout
  5. (falconry) To rise in the air spirally.
  6. (transitive) To steal and change the identity of (cars) in order to resell them.
    • A. Woodley, Trio: 3 short stories
      Gabe said that as Derry had only caught part of the conversation, it's possible that they were discussing a film, it was bad enough that they'd unwittingly been brought into ringing cars, adding drugs into it was far more than either of them could ever be comfortable with.
    • 2019 (10 December), Ross McCarthy, Digbeth chop shop gang jailed over £2m stolen car racket (in Birmingham Live) [2]
      They used two bases in Digbeth to break down luxury motors, some of which were carjacked or stolen after keys were taken in house raids. The parts were then fitted to salvaged cars bought online. [] Jailing the quartet, a judge at Birmingham Crown Court said it was a "car ringing on a commercial and substantial scale".
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English ringen, from Old English hrinġan (to ring), from Proto-Germanic *hringijaną. Cognate with Dutch ringen, Swedish ringa.

NounEdit

ring (plural rings)

  1. The resonant sound of a bell, or a sound resembling it.
    The church bell's ring could be heard the length of the valley.
    The ring of hammer on anvil filled the air.
  2. (figuratively) A pleasant or correct sound.
    The name has a nice ring to it.
  3. (figuratively) A sound or appearance that is characteristic of something.
    Her statements in court had a ring of falsehood.
  4. (colloquial) A telephone call.
    I’ll give you a ring when the plane lands.
  5. Any loud sound; the sound of numerous voices; a sound continued, repeated, or reverberated.
  6. A chime, or set of bells harmonically tuned.
    St Mary's has a ring of eight bells.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

ring (third-person singular simple present rings, present participle ringing, simple past rang or (nonstandard) rung, past participle rung)

  1. (intransitive) Of a bell, etc., to produce a resonant sound.
    The bells were ringing in the town.
  2. (transitive) To make (a bell, etc.) produce a resonant sound.
    The deliveryman rang the doorbell to drop off a parcel.
  3. (transitive) To produce (a sound) by ringing.
    They rang a Christmas carol on their handbells.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) To produce the sound of a bell or a similar sound.
    Whose mobile phone is ringing?
  5. (intransitive, figuratively) Of something spoken or written, to appear to be, to seem, to sound.
    That does not ring true.
  6. (transitive, colloquial, Britain, Australia, New Zealand) To telephone (someone).
    I will ring you when we arrive.
  7. (intransitive) to resound, reverberate, echo.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      So he spoke, and it seemed there was a little halting at first, as of men not liking to take Blackbeard's name in Blackbeard's place, or raise the Devil by mocking at him. But then some of the bolder shouted 'Blackbeard', and so the more timid chimed in, and in a minute there were a score of voices calling 'Blackbeard, Blackbeard', till the place rang again.
    • 1919, Boris Sidis, The Source and Aim of Human Progress:
      It is instructive for us to learn as well as to ponder on the fact that "the very men who looked down with delight, when the sand of the arena reddened with human blood, made the arena ring with applause when Terence in his famous line: ‘Homo sum, Nihil humani alienum puto’ proclaimed the brotherhood of man."
  8. (intransitive) To produce music with bells.
    • 1669, William Holder, Elements of Speech
      Four Bells admit Twenty-four changes in Ringing
  9. (dated) To repeat often, loudly, or earnestly.
Derived termsEdit
Terms derived from ring (verb, etymology 2)
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 3Edit

From a shortening of German Zahlring (number(s) ring) (coined by German mathematician David Hilbert in 1892).[1] Apparently first used in English in 1930, E. T. Bell, “Rings whose elements are ideals,” Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society.[2]

 
The symbol represents the ring of integers.

NounEdit

ring (plural rings)

  1. (algebra) An algebraic structure which consists of a set with two binary operations: an additive operation and a multiplicative operation, such that the set is an abelian group under the additive operation, a monoid under the multiplicative operation, and such that the multiplicative operation is distributive with respect to the additive operation.
    The set of integers,  , is the prototypical ring.
  2. (algebra) An algebraic structure as above, but only required to be a semigroup under the multiplicative operation, that is, there need not be a multiplicative identity element.
    The definition of ring without unity allows, for instance, the set   of even integers to be a ring.
HypernymsEdit
HyponymsEdit
MeronymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

NounEdit

ring (plural rings)

  1. (mathematical analysis, measure theory) A family of sets that is closed under finite unions and differences.[3]
HyponymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1962, Harvey Cohn, A Second Course in Number Theory, Wiley, 1980, Advanced Number Theory, Dover, Unabridged republication, page 49.
  2. ^ Earliest Known Uses of Some of the Words of Mathematics (R)
  3. ^ Gerald B. Folland (©1999) Real Analysis : Modern Techniques and Their Applications, Second edition, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., →ISBN, OCLC 803988029, §1.2, page 24

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch ring, from Middle Dutch rinc, from Old Dutch ring, from Proto-West Germanic *hring, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ring (plural ringe)

  1. ring, hollow circular object

Atong (India)Edit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.).

NounEdit

ring

  1. taro

ReferencesEdit


BalineseEdit

PrepositionEdit

ring

  1. in, at (basa alus)
    Ring Bali wénten danu patpat: Batur, Beratan, Tambilingan miwah Buyan.There are four lakes in Bali: Batur, Beratan, Tambilingan and Buyan.
    lianan ringbesides
    ring ajengin front of
    ring arepin front of
    ring dija?(at) where?
    Ring dija ragané magenah?Where do you live?
    Ring dija ragané mekarya?Where do you work?
    ring jeroinside
    ring pidan?when? (past time reference)
    Ring pidan ipun rauh?When did he come?
    ring sapunapisometime(s), from time to time
    Synonym: di (basa biasa)

CimbrianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ring

  1. (of weight) light

ReferencesEdit

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ring m inan

  1. ring (place where some sports take place; boxing ring and similar)

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ring in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ring in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse hringr, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ring c (singular definite ringen, plural indefinite ringe)

  1. ring
  2. circle
  3. halo
  4. hoop
  5. coil
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Verbal noun to ringe (to ring).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ring n (singular definite ringet, plural indefinite ring)

  1. (archaic) ring (the resonant sound of a bell, a telephone call)
InflectionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See ringe.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ring

  1. imperative of ringe

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch rinc, from Old Dutch ring, from Proto-West Germanic *hring, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ring m (plural ringen, diminutive ringetje n)

  1. ring, hollow circular object
  2. (gymnastics) ring
  3. beltway, ring road

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: ring
  • Negerhollands: rink, riṅ
  • Indonesian: ring
  • Papiamentu: renchi, ringtsje (from the diminutive)

See alsoEdit


EstonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German rink. Compare German Ring. See also rõngas.

NounEdit

ring (genitive ringi, partitive ringi)

  1. circle

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English ring (sense 1) and Dutch ring (sense 2).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ring m (plural rings)

  1. (sports, chiefly combat sports) ring
  2. (Belgium) ring road, beltway

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GaroEdit

NounEdit

ring

  1. boat

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ring

  1. singular imperative of ringen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of ringen

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From an onomatopoeic (sound-imitative) root + -g (frequentative suffix).[1]

VerbEdit

ring

  1. (intransitive) to swing, to rock
    Synonyms: billeg, inog, ingadozik, himbálózik, himbálódzik
  2. (intransitive, of a ship) to sway, to roll
    Synonyms: ringatózik, ringatódzik, dülöng, dülöngél, himbálódzik, himbálózik

ConjugationEdit

or

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From English ring.[2]

NounEdit

ring (plural ringek)

  1. (dated, boxing) ring, boxing ring (space in which a boxing match is contested)
    Synonym: szorító
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative ring ringek
accusative ringet ringeket
dative ringnek ringeknek
instrumental ringgel ringekkel
causal-final ringért ringekért
translative ringgé ringekké
terminative ringig ringekig
essive-formal ringként ringekként
essive-modal
inessive ringben ringekben
superessive ringen ringeken
adessive ringnél ringeknél
illative ringbe ringekbe
sublative ringre ringekre
allative ringhez ringekhez
elative ringből ringekből
delative ringről ringekről
ablative ringtől ringektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
ringé ringeké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
ringéi ringekéi
Possessive forms of ring
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ringem ringjeim
2nd person sing. ringed ringjeid
3rd person sing. ringje ringjei
1st person plural ringünk ringjeink
2nd person plural ringetek ringjeitek
3rd person plural ringjük ringjeik

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ring in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  2. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • (to roll, sway, swing): ring in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (boxing ring): ring in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (in economy, cf. cartel): ring in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

IndonesianEdit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology 1Edit

Onomatopoeic.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɪŋ]
  • Hyphenation: ring

NounEdit

ring (first-person possessive ringku, second-person possessive ringmu, third-person possessive ringnya)

  1. (onomatopoeia) sound of bell.

Etymology 2Edit

From Dutch ring, from Middle Dutch rinc, from Old Dutch ring, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz. Doublet of langsir.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɪŋ]
  • Hyphenation: ring

NounEdit

ring

  1. ring,
    1. a circumscribing object, (roughly) circular and hollow, looking like an annual ring, earring, finger ring etc.
      Synonyms: cincin, gelang
    2. boxing ring.
  2. (colloquial) circle
    Synonym: lingkaran

Further readingEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse hringr, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz.

NounEdit

ring m (definite singular ringen, indefinite plural ringer, definite plural ringene)

  1. ring; a circular piece of material
  2. The ring, place where sports such as boxing takes place
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

ring

  1. imperative of ringe

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hringr, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz.

NounEdit

ring m (definite singular ringen, indefinite plural ringar, definite plural ringane)

  1. ring; a circular piece of material
  2. The ring, place where sports such as boxing takes place

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

ring

  1. imperative of ringja, ringje, ringa and ringe

ReferencesEdit


Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *hring, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz.

NounEdit

ring m

  1. ring, circle

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • rink”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *hringaz.

NounEdit

ring m

  1. ring (object in the shape of a circle)

DescendantsEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From English ring, from Middle English ring, from Old English hring (ring, circle), from Proto-Germanic *hringaz (ring), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)krengʰ-, extended nasalized form of *(s)ker- (to turn, bend). Doublet of rynek (market, marketplace).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ring m inan

  1. (boxing) boxing ring

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ring in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ring in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

ring m (plural rings)

  1. Alternative form of ringue

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English ring.

NounEdit

rȉng m (Cyrillic spelling ри̏нг)

  1. the ring (place where some sports take place; boxing ring and similar)

DeclensionEdit

This entry needs an inflection-table template.


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English ring. Doublet of rancho.

NounEdit

ring m (plural rings)

  1. (boxing) ring

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Swedish ringer, from Old Norse hringr, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz.

NounEdit

ring c

  1. ring; a circular piece of material
  2. The ring, place where sports such as boxing takes place
  3. (mathematics) A ring, algebraic structure
  4. (mathematics) A ring, planar geometrical figure
  5. (astronomy) A ring, collection of material orbiting some planets
  6. Each of the (usually three) years in a Swedish gymnasium (highschool)
    Ann började nyss andra ring.
    Ann recently began her second year at the gymnasium.
DeclensionEdit
Declension of ring 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ring ringen ringar ringarna
Genitive rings ringens ringars ringarnas
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

ring

  1. imperative of ringa.

West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

ring c (plural ringen, diminutive rinkje)

  1. ring, circle
  2. ring (jewelry)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ring”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011