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FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From older peikkoi, deriving either from Proto-Germanic *faihaz (hostile, criminal), *faigijaz (fey), or from a lost Baltic cognate (inexact parallels include Lithuanian paikas (stupid), piktas (angry, bad), pikčius (devil), pikulas (devil)), all ultimately based on Proto-Indo-European *peyḱ- (to mark). Possibly cognate with Estonian peig (bridegroom), which would suggest common Proto-Finnic *peikoi reshaped in later Finnish.[1]

NounEdit

peikko

  1. (folklore) goblin, hobgoblin, gnome, gremlin (mythical man-like creature, often depicted hairy, tailed and mischievous)
  2. troll (in modern children's literature often a good-natured forest-dwelling humanoid)
  3. hobgoblin (cause of dread, fear or apprehension)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of peikko (Kotus type 1/valo, kk-k gradation)
nominative peikko peikot
genitive peikon peikkojen
partitive peikkoa peikkoja
illative peikkoon peikkoihin
singular plural
nominative peikko peikot
accusative nom. peikko peikot
gen. peikon
genitive peikon peikkojen
partitive peikkoa peikkoja
inessive peikossa peikoissa
elative peikosta peikoista
illative peikkoon peikkoihin
adessive peikolla peikoilla
ablative peikolta peikoilta
allative peikolle peikoille
essive peikkona peikkoina
translative peikoksi peikoiksi
instructive peikoin
abessive peikotta peikoitta
comitative peikkoineen

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Koivulehto, Jorma. 2005. "Noin jalot vietettiin hevonsuistajan Hektorin peijaat. Peijaiset- ja peikko-sanojen etymologia." Virittäjä 3/2005: 322–335.