See also: KKO and -kkö

Contents

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Merger of Proto-Finnic *-kko (in the three first senses) and *-kkoi (in the two latter senses). Cognate with Estonian -k(u).

SuffixEdit

-kko ‎(front vowel harmony variant -kkö)

  1. Forms collective nouns.
    aallokko(swell), from aalto(wave)
    kehikko(framework), from kehä(frame)
    kolmikko(threesome), from kolme(three)
    nurmikko(lawn), from nurmi(grass)
    valjakko(team), from valjaat(harness)
  2. Forms nouns denoting essential characteristics of a location.
    rannikko(coast), from ranta(shore)
    hietikko(sands), from hieta(sand)
  3. Forms nouns from verbs denoting activities or tools for an activity.
    rynnäkkö(attack), from rynnätä(to attack)
    ylläkkö(raid), from yllättää(to surprise)
    valikko(menu (computing)), from valita(to choose)
  4. Forms names for various beings.
    poliitikko(politician), from politiikka(politics)
    fyysikko(physicist), from fysiikka(physics)
    lumikko(least weasel), from lumi(snow)
    venakko(Russian female), from Venäjä(Russia)
  5. Forms descriptive nouns.
    haulikko(shotgun), from hauli(shot)

Usage notesEdit

In its collective senses, added to the plural stem of the base noun.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of -kko (Kotus type 4/laatikko, kk-k gradation)
nominative -kko -kot
genitive -kon -kkojen
-koiden
-koitten
partitive -kkoa -kkoja
-koita
illative -kkoon -kkoihin
-koihin
singular plural
nominative -kko -kot
accusative nom. -kko -kot
gen. -kon
genitive -kon -kkojen
-koiden
-koitten
partitive -kkoa -kkoja
-koita
inessive -kossa -koissa
elative -kosta -koista
illative -kkoon -kkoihin
-koihin
adessive -kolla -koilla
ablative -kolta -koilta
allative -kolle -koille
essive -kkona -kkoina
translative -koksi -koiksi
instructive -koin
abessive -kotta -koitta
comitative -kkoineen

Derived termsEdit