XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-jípata.

VerbEdit

-phátha

  1. to carry

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-jípata.

VerbEdit

-phátha

  1. carry, hold (in the hand)
    Wafika ephethe incwadi.
    He arrived carrying a book.
  2. address, manage
  3. administer, command

InflectionEdit

Tone H
Infinitive ukuphatha
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuphatha ukungaphathi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular phatha -phathe
Plural phathani -phatheni
Stative
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiphethe engiphethe ngiphethe angiphethe engingaphethe ngingaphethe
2nd singular uphethe ophethe uphethe awuphethe ongaphethe ungaphethe
1st plural siphethe esiphethe siphethe asiphethe esingaphethe singaphethe
2nd plural niphethe eniphethe niphethe aniphethe eningaphethe ningaphethe
Class 1 uphethe ophethe ephethe akaphethe ongaphethe engaphethe
Class 2 baphethe abaphethe bephethe abaphethe abangaphethe bengaphethe
Class 3 uphethe ophethe uphethe awuphethe ongaphethe ongaphethe
Class 4 iphethe ephethe iphethe ayiphethe engaphethe ingaphethe
Class 5 liphethe eliphethe liphethe aliphethe elingaphethe lingaphethe
Class 6 aphethe aphethe ephethe awaphethe angaphethe engaphethe
Class 7 siphethe esiphethe siphethe asiphethe esingaphethe singaphethe
Class 8 ziphethe eziphethe ziphethe aziphethe ezingaphethe zingaphethe
Class 9 iphethe ephethe iphethe ayiphethe engaphethe ingaphethe
Class 10 ziphethe eziphethe ziphethe aziphethe ezingaphethe zingaphethe
Class 11 luphethe oluphethe luphethe aluphethe olungaphethe lungaphethe
Class 14 buphethe obuphethe buphethe abuphethe obungaphethe bungaphethe
Class 15 kuphethe okuphethe kuphethe akuphethe okungaphethe kungaphethe
Class 17 kuphethe okuphethe kuphethe akuphethe okungaphethe kungaphethe
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaphatha, ngiphatha engiphathayo, engiphatha ngiphatha angiphathi engingaphathi ngingaphathi
2nd singular uyaphatha, uphatha ophathayo, ophatha uphatha awuphathi ongaphathi ungaphathi
1st plural siyaphatha, siphatha esiphathayo, esiphatha siphatha asiphathi esingaphathi singaphathi
2nd plural niyaphatha, niphatha eniphathayo, eniphatha niphatha aniphathi eningaphathi ningaphathi
Class 1 uyaphatha, uphatha ophathayo, ophatha ephatha akaphathi ongaphathi engaphathi
Class 2 bayaphatha, baphatha abaphathayo, abaphatha bephatha abaphathi abangaphathi bengaphathi
Class 3 uyaphatha, uphatha ophathayo, ophatha uphatha awuphathi ongaphathi ungaphathi
Class 4 iyaphatha, iphatha ephathayo, ephatha iphatha ayiphathi engaphathi ingaphathi
Class 5 liyaphatha, liphatha eliphathayo, eliphatha liphatha aliphathi elingaphathi lingaphathi
Class 6 ayaphatha, aphatha aphathayo, aphatha ephatha awaphathi angaphathi engaphathi
Class 7 siyaphatha, siphatha esiphathayo, esiphatha siphatha asiphathi esingaphathi singaphathi
Class 8 ziyaphatha, ziphatha eziphathayo, eziphatha ziphatha aziphathi ezingaphathi zingaphathi
Class 9 iyaphatha, iphatha ephathayo, ephatha iphatha ayiphathi engaphathi ingaphathi
Class 10 ziyaphatha, ziphatha eziphathayo, eziphatha ziphatha aziphathi ezingaphathi zingaphathi
Class 11 luyaphatha, luphatha oluphathayo, oluphatha luphatha aluphathi olungaphathi lungaphathi
Class 14 buyaphatha, buphatha obuphathayo, obuphatha buphatha abuphathi obungaphathi bungaphathi
Class 15 kuyaphatha, kuphatha okuphathayo, okuphatha kuphatha akuphathi okungaphathi kungaphathi
Class 17 kuyaphatha, kuphatha okuphathayo, okuphatha kuphatha akuphathi okungaphathi kungaphathi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiphathile, ngiphathē engiphathile, engiphathē ngiphathile, ngiphathē angiphathanga engingaphathanga ngingaphathanga
2nd singular uphathile, uphathē ophathile, ophathē uphathile, uphathē awuphathanga ongaphathanga ungaphathanga
1st plural siphathile, siphathē esiphathile, esiphathē siphathile, siphathē asiphathanga esingaphathanga singaphathanga
2nd plural niphathile, niphathē eniphathile, eniphathē niphathile, niphathē aniphathanga eningaphathanga ningaphathanga
Class 1 uphathile, uphathē ophathile, ophathē ephathile, ephathē akaphathanga ongaphathanga engaphathanga
Class 2 baphathile, baphathē abaphathile, abaphathē bephathile, bephathē abaphathanga abangaphathanga bengaphathanga
Class 3 uphathile, uphathē ophathile, ophathē uphathile, uphathē awuphathanga ongaphathanga ungaphathanga
Class 4 iphathile, iphathē ephathile, ephathē iphathile, iphathē ayiphathanga engaphathanga ingaphathanga
Class 5 liphathile, liphathē eliphathile, eliphathē liphathile, liphathē aliphathanga elingaphathanga lingaphathanga
Class 6 aphathile, aphathē aphathile, aphathē ephathile, ephathē awaphathanga angaphathanga engaphathanga
Class 7 siphathile, siphathē esiphathile, esiphathē siphathile, siphathē asiphathanga esingaphathanga singaphathanga
Class 8 ziphathile, ziphathē eziphathile, eziphathē ziphathile, ziphathē aziphathanga ezingaphathanga zingaphathanga
Class 9 iphathile, iphathē ephathile, ephathē iphathile, iphathē ayiphathanga engaphathanga ingaphathanga
Class 10 ziphathile, ziphathē eziphathile, eziphathē ziphathile, ziphathē aziphathanga ezingaphathanga zingaphathanga
Class 11 luphathile, luphathē oluphathile, oluphathē luphathile, luphathē aluphathanga olungaphathanga lungaphathanga
Class 14 buphathile, buphathē obuphathile, obuphathē buphathile, buphathē abuphathanga obungaphathanga bungaphathanga
Class 15 kuphathile, kuphathē okuphathile, okuphathē kuphathile, kuphathē akuphathanga okungaphathanga kungaphathanga
Class 17 kuphathile, kuphathē okuphathile, okuphathē kuphathile, kuphathē akuphathanga okungaphathanga kungaphathanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāphatha engāphatha ngāphatha angiphathanga engingaphathanga ngingaphathanga
2nd singular wāphatha owāphatha wāphatha awuphathanga ongaphathanga ungaphathanga
1st plural sāphatha esāphatha sāphatha asiphathanga esingaphathanga singaphathanga
2nd plural nāphatha enāphatha nāphatha aniphathanga eningaphathanga ningaphathanga
Class 1 wāphatha owāphatha āphatha akaphathanga ongaphathanga engaphathanga
Class 2 bāphatha abāphatha bāphatha abaphathanga abangaphathanga bengaphathanga
Class 3 wāphatha owāphatha wāphatha awuphathanga ongaphathanga ungaphathanga
Class 4 yāphatha eyāphatha yāphatha ayiphathanga engaphathanga ingaphathanga
Class 5 lāphatha elāphatha lāphatha aliphathanga elingaphathanga lingaphathanga
Class 6 āphatha āphatha āphatha awaphathanga angaphathanga engaphathanga
Class 7 sāphatha esāphatha sāphatha asiphathanga esingaphathanga singaphathanga
Class 8 zāphatha ezāphatha zāphatha aziphathanga ezingaphathanga zingaphathanga
Class 9 yāphatha eyāphatha yāphatha ayiphathanga engaphathanga ingaphathanga
Class 10 zāphatha ezāphatha zāphatha aziphathanga ezingaphathanga zingaphathanga
Class 11 lwāphatha olwāphatha lwāphatha aluphathanga olungaphathanga lungaphathanga
Class 14 bāphatha obāphatha bāphatha abuphathanga obungaphathanga bungaphathanga
Class 15 kwāphatha okwāphatha kwāphatha akuphathanga okungaphathanga kungaphathanga
Class 17 kwāphatha okwāphatha kwāphatha akuphathanga okungaphathanga kungaphathanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaphatha ngingaphatha ngingephathe ngingephathe
2nd singular ungaphatha ungaphatha ungephathe ungephathe
1st plural singaphatha singaphatha singephathe singephathe
2nd plural ningaphatha ningaphatha ningephathe ningephathe
Class 1 angaphatha engaphatha angephathe engephathe
Class 2 bangaphatha bengaphatha bangephathe bengephathe
Class 3 ungaphatha ungaphatha ungephathe ungephathe
Class 4 ingaphatha ingaphatha ingephathe ingephathe
Class 5 lingaphatha lingaphatha lingephathe lingephathe
Class 6 angaphatha engaphatha angephathe engephathe
Class 7 singaphatha singaphatha singephathe singephathe
Class 8 zingaphatha zingaphatha zingephathe zingephathe
Class 9 ingaphatha ingaphatha ingephathe ingephathe
Class 10 zingaphatha zingaphatha zingephathe zingephathe
Class 11 lungaphatha lungaphatha lungephathe lungephathe
Class 14 bungaphatha bungaphatha bungephathe bungephathe
Class 15 kungaphatha kungaphatha kungephathe kungephathe
Class 17 kungaphatha kungaphatha kungephathe kungephathe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizophatha engizophatha ngizophatha angizuphatha engingezuphatha ngingezuphatha
2nd singular uzophatha ozophatha uzophatha awuzuphatha ongezuphatha ungezuphatha
1st plural sizophatha esizophatha sizophatha asizuphatha esingezuphatha singezuphatha
2nd plural nizophatha enizophatha nizophatha anizuphatha eningezuphatha ningezuphatha
Class 1 uzophatha ozophatha ezophatha akazuphatha ongezuphatha engezuphatha
Class 2 bazophatha abazophatha bezophatha abazuphatha abangezuphatha bengezuphatha
Class 3 uzophatha ozophatha uzophatha awuzuphatha ongezuphatha ungezuphatha
Class 4 izophatha ezophatha izophatha ayizuphatha engezuphatha ingezuphatha
Class 5 lizophatha elizophatha lizophatha alizuphatha elingezuphatha lingezuphatha
Class 6 azophatha azophatha ezophatha awazuphatha angezuphatha engezuphatha
Class 7 sizophatha esizophatha sizophatha asizuphatha esingezuphatha singezuphatha
Class 8 zizophatha ezizophatha zizophatha azizuphatha ezingezuphatha zingezuphatha
Class 9 izophatha ezophatha izophatha ayizuphatha engezuphatha ingezuphatha
Class 10 zizophatha ezizophatha zizophatha azizuphatha ezingezuphatha zingezuphatha
Class 11 luzophatha oluzophatha luzophatha aluzuphatha olungezuphatha lungezuphatha
Class 14 buzophatha obuzophatha buzophatha abuzuphatha obungezuphatha bungezuphatha
Class 15 kuzophatha okuzophatha kuzophatha akuzuphatha okungezuphatha kungezuphatha
Class 17 kuzophatha okuzophatha kuzophatha akuzuphatha okungezuphatha kungezuphatha
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyophatha engiyophatha ngiyophatha angiyuphatha engingeyuphatha ngingeyuphatha
2nd singular uyophatha oyophatha uyophatha awuyuphatha ongeyuphatha ungeyuphatha
1st plural siyophatha esiyophatha siyophatha asiyuphatha esingeyuphatha singeyuphatha
2nd plural niyophatha eniyophatha niyophatha aniyuphatha eningeyuphatha ningeyuphatha
Class 1 uyophatha oyophatha eyophatha akayuphatha ongeyuphatha engeyuphatha
Class 2 bayophatha abayophatha beyophatha abayuphatha abangeyuphatha bengeyuphatha
Class 3 uyophatha oyophatha uyophatha awuyuphatha ongeyuphatha ungeyuphatha
Class 4 iyophatha eyophatha iyophatha ayiyuphatha engeyuphatha ingeyuphatha
Class 5 liyophatha eliyophatha liyophatha aliyuphatha elingeyuphatha lingeyuphatha
Class 6 ayophatha ayophatha eyophatha awayuphatha angeyuphatha engeyuphatha
Class 7 siyophatha esiyophatha siyophatha asiyuphatha esingeyuphatha singeyuphatha
Class 8 ziyophatha eziyophatha ziyophatha aziyuphatha ezingeyuphatha zingeyuphatha
Class 9 iyophatha eyophatha iyophatha ayiyuphatha engeyuphatha ingeyuphatha
Class 10 ziyophatha eziyophatha ziyophatha aziyuphatha ezingeyuphatha zingeyuphatha
Class 11 luyophatha oluyophatha luyophatha aluyuphatha olungeyuphatha lungeyuphatha
Class 14 buyophatha obuyophatha buyophatha abuyuphatha obungeyuphatha bungeyuphatha
Class 15 kuyophatha okuyophatha kuyophatha akuyuphatha okungeyuphatha kungeyuphatha
Class 17 kuyophatha okuyophatha kuyophatha akuyuphatha okungeyuphatha kungeyuphatha
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngiphathe ngingaphathi
2nd singular uphathe ungaphathi
1st plural siphathe singaphathi
2nd plural niphathe ningaphathi
Class 1 aphathe angaphathi
Class 2 baphathe bangaphathi
Class 3 uphathe ungaphathi
Class 4 iphathe ingaphathi
Class 5 liphathe lingaphathi
Class 6 aphathe angaphathi
Class 7 siphathe singaphathi
Class 8 ziphathe zingaphathi
Class 9 iphathe ingaphathi
Class 10 ziphathe zingaphathi
Class 11 luphathe lungaphathi
Class 14 buphathe bungaphathi
Class 15 kuphathe kungaphathi
Class 17 kuphathe kungaphathi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaphatha ngangaphatha, angaphatha, angangaphatha
2nd singular waphatha wangaphatha, awaphatha, awangaphatha
1st plural saphatha sangaphatha, asaphatha, asangaphatha
2nd plural naphatha nangaphatha, anaphatha, anangaphatha
Class 1 waphatha wangaphatha, akaphatha, akangaphatha
Class 2 baphatha bangaphatha, abaphatha, abangaphatha
Class 3 waphatha wangaphatha, awaphatha, awangaphatha
Class 4 yaphatha yangaphatha, ayaphatha, ayangaphatha
Class 5 laphatha langaphatha, alaphatha, alangaphatha
Class 6 aphatha angaphatha, awaphatha, awangaphatha
Class 7 saphatha sangaphatha, asaphatha, asangaphatha
Class 8 zaphatha zangaphatha, azaphatha, azangaphatha
Class 9 yaphatha yangaphatha, ayaphatha, ayangaphatha
Class 10 zaphatha zangaphatha, azaphatha, azangaphatha
Class 11 lwaphatha lwangaphatha, alwaphatha, alwangaphatha
Class 14 baphatha bangaphatha, abaphatha, abangaphatha
Class 15 kwaphatha kwangaphatha, akwaphatha, akwangaphatha
Class 17 kwaphatha kwangaphatha, akwaphatha, akwangaphatha

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit