phono-semantic compound

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Etymology edit

Calque of Chinese 形聲字形声字 (xíngshēngzì).

Noun edit

phono-semantic compound (plural phono-semantic compounds)

  1. A Chinese character (CJKV character) composed of a component which is related to the meaning the character and another component which is related to the sound of the character.
    • 2006, Language and linguistics - Volume 7, Issue 3, page 579:
      Only an opaque and weak orthography-to-phonology analogy rule can be found with the phono-semantic compound type of characters (i.e., the xingshēng zi), which covers 80% of modern daily-use characters.
    • 2015, Denise Doyle, New Opportunities for Artistic Practice in Virtual Worlds, →ISBN, page 57:
      'Jeon' is a phono-semantic compound which is formed from two elements of different words in two parts.
    • 2016 July 31, Sigurdr Volsung, “US elections - I do remember such unpopular cadidates”, in soc.history.medieval[1] (Usenet):
      The Chinese character 城 is a phono-semantic compound of the "place" or "earth" radical 土 and 成, whose Old Chinese pronunciation has been reconstructed as *deŋ.
    • 2017, Thomas O. Höllmann, Chinese Script: History, Characters, Calligraphy, →ISBN:
      Phono-semantic compound characters, or the combination of elements that provide meaning and sound: the rebus 干 (gan) provides the phonetic basis for combinations with determinative characters such as 木 (mu, tree),日 (ri, sun), and 月 (rou, meat), to create the characters ...

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