Etymology 1 Edit
Malay , kampong kampung ( “ group of buildings, village ” ), via or Dutch Portuguese , altered under the influence of Etymology 2.  Doublet of .
compound ( plural )
compounds An enclosure within which workers, prisoners, or soldiers are
Synonyms: , gaol , jail , pen , pound ; prison see also Thesaurus: prison An enclosure for secure storage.
2020 December 2, “Network News: News in brief: More cycle spaces”, in Rail, page 27: A total of 75 cycle spaces are being installed at three Greater Anglia stations - [...]. And a secure compound for bicycles is being built at Cambridge North. A group of buildings situated close together, e.g. for a school or block of offices.
2008, BioWare, ( Mass Effect Science Fiction), Redwood City: Electronic Arts, , →ISBN , PC, scene: Normandy SR-1: OCLC 246633669 Shepard: What kind of proof do you have that the major is dangerous? Transmission: Three days ago, we sent two Alliance representatives to meet with him at his compound. They have disappeared. We believe Kyle and his followers killed them. Transmission: That compound is a cult, Shepard. They call him 'Father Kyle' now. He's set himself up as some kind of religious leader. 2019 March 7, Masayuki, Yuda, “Thai court: pro-Thaksin party must disband for nominating princess”, in Nikkei Asian Review , Nikkei Inc, retrieved  2019-03-07: Some 20 supporters managed to get inside the court compounds. About half an hour after the verdict was delivered, they gathered near the Constitutional Court entrance and shouted: "On March 24, use your pen to oust the dictator."
enclosure within which workers, prisoners, or soldiers are confined
оградено мя́сто n ( ogradeno mjásto ) Dutch:
verbinding (nl) Estonian:
laitos (fi) French:
complexe (fr) m German:
Komplex (de) , m Lager (de) , n Block (de) , m Gelände (de) , n Gehege (de) n Greek:
περίβολος (el) m ( perívolos ) Hungarian:
fogolytábor (hu) Irish:
clós (ga) , m bábhún , m compún m Italian:
campo di prigionìa ( for prisoners ) Maori:
, takanga , iāri rāihe Portuguese:
cercado (pt) m Russian:
огоро́женное ме́сто n ( ogoróžennoje mésto ), компа́унд (ru) m ( kompáund ) ( for people, foreign context ) Serbo-Croatian:
logor , (sh) tabor (sh) Swedish: inhägnad (sv) , c läger (sv) , n gård (sv) c
group of buildings for the same purpose
Etymology 2 Edit
Middle English , from compounen Middle French , componre compondre ( “ to put together ” ), from Latin , from componō Latin com- ( “ together ” ) + ponō ( “ to put ” ).
compound ( not )
comparable Composed of elements; not simple.
Antonym: simple a compound word 1725, Isaac Watts, Logick: Or, The Right Use of Reason in the Enquiry after Truth,, 2nd edition, London: [ … ] [ … ] John Clark and Richard Hett, [ … ] , Emanuel Matthews, [ … ] , and Richard Ford, [ … ] , published 1726, : OCLC 1325830848 Compound substances are made up of two or more simple substances.
( mathematics ) Dealing with numbers of various denominations of quantity, or with processes more complex than the simple process.
compound addition compound proportion ( music ) An octave higher than originally (i.e. a compound major second is equivalent to a major ninth).
Derived terms Edit
composed of elements
مُرَكَّب (ar) ( murakkab ) Bulgarian:
съставен (bg) ( sǎstaven ), сло́жен (bg) ( slóžen ) Catalan:
compost (ca) Chinese:
Mandarin: 混合物 (zh) ( hùnhéwù ) Czech:
složený (cs) m Dutch:
samengesteld (nl) Esperanto:
yhdistetty , (fi) yhdys- ; (fi) kerrannainen (fi) ( botany ) French:
composé (fr) German:
zusammengesetzt , (de) zusammengestellt , (de) mehrteilig , (de) mehrschichtig (de) Greek:
σύνθετος (el) ( sýnthetos ), συμμιγής (el) ( symmigís )
Ancient: μίγμα n ( mígma ) Indonesian:
senyawa (id) Irish:
comh- ( of words ) Italian:
composto (it) , m costituito (it) m Maori:
Bokmål: sammensatt (no) Persian:
آمیخته (fa) ( âmixta ), همساخته ( hamsâxta ), مرکب (fa) Portuguese:
composto (pt) m Russian:
составно́й (ru) ( sostavnój ), сло́жный (ru) ( slóžnyj ) Slovene:
compuesto (es) Swedish:
sammansatt (sv) Tagalog:
, langkapin , lambalan linambal Tibetan: འདྲེས་མ ( 'dres ma )
compound ( plural )
compounds Anything made by combining several things.
Synonyms: , amalgam , blend , combination , composite , mix mixture
( chemistry ) A formed by chemical bonding of two or more substance elements in definite proportions by weight.
Coordinate terms: , substance , element , mixture composite
( chemistry , dated ) A made from any combination of ingredients. substance
( linguistics ) A lexeme that consists of more than one stem.
Synonym: compound word Hyponyms: , closed compound open compound 2018, Clarence Green; James Lambert, “ Position vectors, homologous chromosomes and gamma rays: Promoting disciplinary literacy through Secondary Phrase Lists”, in English for Specific Purposes, , page 8: DOI: 10.1016/j.esp.2018.08.004 Compositionally there is no great distinction between cell wall and cell surface, both are relatively transparent compounds, but both parts of the cell are of high significance in Biology due to their central role in cell functioning.
( linguistics ) A lexeme that consists of more than one stem or an affix, e.g. bookshop, high school or non-standard.
In the majority of the compounds of non- the hyphen is usually retained; but it is commonly omitted in the case of a few, such as nonconformist, nonentity, nonsense, in which the etymology has been to some extent lost sight of.
( rail transport ) A compound locomotive, a steam locomotive with both high-pressure and low-pressure cylinders.
1961 March, ""Balmore"", “Driving and firing modern French steam locomotives”, in Trains Illustrated, page 148: From a dead stand, with regulator full open and the lever at about 50 per cent we got up to about 60 m.p.h. by the top of the bank. The big compound was making plenty of noise - but what musical and wonderful noise! Short for . compound exercise
Derived terms Edit
anything made by combining several things
съчета́ние (bg) n ( sǎčetánie ) Catalan:
compost (ca) m Finnish:
yhdistelmä , (fi) seos (fi) French:
composé (fr) German:
Mischung (de) , f Verbindung (de) , f Verbung , m Kompositum (de) , n Zusammensetzung (de) , f Präparat (de) , n Masse (de) f Greek:
μίγμα (el) n ( mígma ), κράμα (el) n ( kráma ), αμάλγαμα (el) n ( amálgama )
Ancient: μίγμα n ( mígma ) Hungarian:
keverék (hu) Irish:
cumasc , m meascán m Italian:
composto (it) , m miscuglio (it) , m amalgama (it) m Manx:
covroojid f Maori:
آمیخته (fa) ( âmixta ), همساخته ( hamsâxta ) Portuguese:
composto (pt) m Russian:
соедине́ние (ru) n ( sojedinénije ), сочета́ние (ru) n ( sočetánije ), компа́унд (ru) ( kompáund ) ( technical ) Spanish:
compuesto (es) m Swedish:
sammansättning (sv) c Turkish: karışım (tr)
chemistry: substance made by chemical combination of elements
linguistics: word formed by combining other words
— see compound word
compound ( third-person singular simple present , compounds present participle , compounding simple past and past participle )
( transitive ) To form (a resulting mixture) by combining different elements, ingredients, or parts; to mingle with something else.
Synonyms: see Thesaurus: mix to compound a medicine
c. 1596–1599 (date written), William Shakespeare, “ The Second Part of Henry the Fourth,”, in [ … ] Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies ( [ … ] First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act IV, scene v]: OCLC 606515358 Only compound me with forgotten dust.
1712 July 2 (Gregorian calendar) , Joseph Addison; Richard Steele [ et al.], “SATURDAY, June 21, 1712”, in , number 411; republished in The Spectator Alexander Chalmers, editor, The Spectator; a New Edition,, volume V, New York, N.Y.: [ … ] D[aniel] Appleton & Company, 1853, : OCLC 191120697 We have the power of altering [… ] and compounding those images [… ] into all the varieties of picture.
( transitive , law ) To settle by agreeing on less than the claim, or on different terms than those stipulated.
Synonym: settle to compound a debt
( transitive ) To settle amicably; to adjust by agreement.
1591 (date written), William Shakespeare, “ The Second Part of Henry the Sixt,”, in [ … ] Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies. ( [ … ] First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act II, scene i]: OCLC 606515358 I pray, my lords, let me compound this strife. 1777, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The School for Scandal, II.iii:
No! no—if Charles has done nothing false or mean, I shall compound for his extravagance
( intransitive ) To come to terms of agreement; to settle by a compromise.
Synonyms: ; agree see also Thesaurus: agree to compound with someone / for something
c. 1603–1604 (date written), William Shakespeare, “ Measure for Measure”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies ( [ … ] First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act IV, scene ii]: OCLC 606515358 Here's a fellow will help you to-morrow; [… ] compound with him by the year.
1609, Richard Carew, The Survey of Cornwall., new edition, London: [ … ] [ … ] B. Law, [ … ] ; Penzance, Cornwall: J. Hewett, published 1769, : OCLC 752813518 [Cornwall] compounded to furnish ten oxen after Michaelmas for thirty pounds. 1662, [Samuel Butler], “ [The First Part of Hudibras ]”, in , London: Hudibras. The First and Second Parts. [ … ] [ … ] John Martyn and Henry Herringman, [ … ] , published 1678; republished in A[lfred] R[ayney] Waller, editor, Hudibras: Written in the Time of the Late Wars, Cambridge: University Press, 1905, : OCLC 963614346 Compound for sins they are inclined to / By damning those they have no mind to.
( transitive , obsolete ) To compose; to constitute.
Synonyms: see Thesaurus: compose c. 1605–1608, William Shakespeare, “ The Life of Tymon of Athens”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies ( [ … ] First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act IV, scene ii]: OCLC 606515358 his pomp and all what state compounds
( intransitive , finance ) To increase in value with interest, where the interest is earned on both the principal sum and prior earned interest.
( transitive , see usage notes ) To worsen a situation.
Synonyms: see Thesaurus: make matters worse 2020 April 12, Simon Tisdall, “US's global reputation hits rock-bottom over Trump's coronavirus response”, in The Guardian :  [ … ] This latest example of nationalistic self-interest compounded anger across the EU over Trump’s travel ban, imposed last month without consultation or scientific justification. ( horse racing , intransitive ) Of a horse: to fail to maintain speed.
1855, The Sporting Review (volume 34, page 240)
At the hill, the Warrior must have been at least ten lengths in front of Wild Dayrell; but he compounded about 200 yards on the T. Y. C. side of the Red House.
Usage notes Edit
The usage in sense 7 above, “to worsen a situation” is widespread but not wholly accepted. The original meaning of the word (see senses 2–4) implies resolution of a problem, not worsening. It has been suggested (Fraser 1973) that the reverse usage arose by confusion with phrases such as
Derived terms Edit
to put together
смесвам (bg) ( smesvam ), съединявам (bg) ( sǎedinjavam ) Finnish:
yhdistää , (fi) liittää (fi) French:
composer (fr) German:
zusammenstellen , (de) mischen , (de) zusammensetzen , (de) verbinden , (de) zusammenmischen , (de) zusammenreiben Greek:
αναμιγνύω (el) ( anamignýo ), μιγνύω (el) ( mignýo ), συνθέτω (el) ( synthéto ), παρασκευάζω (el) ( paraskevázo ) Hebrew:
, mettere insieme comporre (it) Portuguese:
compor (pt) Russian:
соединя́ть (ru) impf ( sojedinjátʹ ), объединя́ть (ru) impf ( obʺjedinjátʹ ), сме́шивать (ru) impf ( sméšivatʹ ) Slovene:
sestaviti Swedish: blanda (ihop, till, tillsammans), (sv) sätta (ihop, samman) (sv)
law: to settle by agreeing less than the claim
to come to terms of agreement
finance: to increase in value with interest
Further reading Edit
in the Compound Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)
Compound word, encyclopedia.com
compound at OneLook Dictionary Search “
compound”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary “
compound”, in , 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, . →ISBN “
compound”, in . Collins English Dictionary “
compound” (US) / “ compound” (UK) in . Macmillan English Dictionary
compound in Britannica Dictionary
6. Compounding Rules, govinfo.gov
How do you decide whether a compound should be written as one word, separate words, or hyphenated words?, merriam-webster.com
A Comprehensive Guide to Forming Compounds, merriam-webster.com English Language > Composition, britannica.com