rígain

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *rīganī.

NounEdit

rígain f

  1. queen
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 65d13
      .i. co n-eperthae as comdiu dia rígain in rí.
      And it should be said that the king is a master to his queen.
    • c. 808, Félire Oengusso, published in Félire Óengusso Céli Dé: The Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee (1905, Harrison & Sons), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes, Prologue, line 105
      Hirúath cona rígain, las·rort co lín ilach; nír at·gab, réim calad, talam na nem ninach.
      [King] Herod [the Great] with his queen, along with whom he was slain to much rejoicing; neither the earth nor the heavenly heavens received him (a rather rough fate!).
    • c. 808, Félire Oengusso, published in Félire Óengusso Céli Dé: The Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee (1905, Harrison & Sons), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes, July 11
      La martrai rígnae, Eufemiae slógdae; Benedicht, balc ágae, macc cráibdech Con-lógae.
      With the martyrdom of the queen, Euphemia the hostful, [is also commemorated] Benedict, a strong pillar and devout son of Cú Lógae.

InflectionEdit

Feminine ī-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative rígainL rígainL rígnaiH
Vocative rígainL rígainL rígnaiH
Accusative rígnaiN rígainL rígnaiH
Genitive rígnaeH rígnaeL rígnaeN
Dative rígnaiL rígnaib rígnaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (king)

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
rígain
also rrígain after a proclitic
rígain
pronounced with /r(ʲ)-/
rígain
also rrígain after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit