Open main menu
See also: Rein, reiñ, and rein-

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English rein, reyne, borrowed from Anglo-Norman reyne, from Old French resne (Modern French rêne), from Vulgar Latin *retina, from Classical Latin retineō (to retain), from re- + teneō.

NounEdit

rein (plural reins)

  1. A strap or rope attached to a bridle or bit, used to control a horse, animal or young child.
  2. (figuratively) An instrument or means of curbing, restraining, or governing.
    • Milton
      Let their eyes rove without rein.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

rein (third-person singular simple present reins, present participle reining, simple past and past participle reined)

  1. (transitive) To direct or stop a horse by using reins.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Chapman
      He mounts and reins his horse.
  2. (transitive) To restrain; to control; to check.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare
      Being once chafed, he cannot / Be reined again to temperance.
  3. (intransitive) To obey directions given with the reins.
    • 2011, Marie Claire Peck, Rocking Horse Ranch (page 40)
      She worked each horse at a walk, trot, and then a canter. The horses reined well and executed stops quickly.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Anglo-Norman reines, Middle French reins, and their source, Latin rēnēs.

NounEdit

rein (plural reins)

  1. (now rare, archaic, chiefly in plural) A kidney.
  2. The inward impulses; the affections and passions, formerly supposed to be located in the area of the kidneys.
    • Bible, Proverbs xxiii. 16
      My reins rejoice, when thy lips speak right things.
    • Bible, Revelation ii. 23
      I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts.

AnagramsEdit


BavarianEdit

NounEdit

rein

  1. (Timau) rain

ReferencesEdit

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien.

DutchEdit

FinnishEdit

NounEdit

rein

  1. Instructive plural form of reki.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French rein, from Old French rein, from the plural reins, from Latin rēnes < rēn, from Proto-Italic *hrēn, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰren- (an internal part of the body).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (anatomy) kidney
  2. (in the plural) small of the back, waist

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old High German reini, from Proto-Germanic *hrainiz, from Proto-Indo-European *króy-n-is, from *krey- (divide, sift). Cognate with Old Saxon hreni, (Low German ren), Dutch rein, Old Norse hreinn (Swedish ren), Ancient Greek κρῑ́νω (krī́nō, separate, decide, judge), Old Irish criathar, English riddle (sieve).

AdjectiveEdit

rein (comparative reiner, superlative am reinsten)

  1. pure, clear, plain
    • 2010, Der Spiegel, issue 24/2010, page 131:
      Natürlich ist eine Weltmeisterschaft kein reines Sportevent mehr, sie ist sicher auch ein bisschen Welt- und Entwicklungspolitik.
      Of course, a world championship is no longer a pure sports event, it surely is also a bit of world and development politics.
DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

rein

  1. purely
    Unsere Beziehung ist rein platonisch.
    Our relationship is purely platonic.

Etymology 2Edit

Contraction of herein (in here), or hinein (in there).

AdverbEdit

rein

  1. (colloquial) inside, in here
    Er kommt jetzt rein.He's coming inside now.
  2. (colloquial) inside, in there
    Er geht rein zu den andern.He's going inside to the other people.
Usage notesEdit

The standard language distinguishes the meanings of hinein (in there: away from the speaker) and herein (in here: towards the speaker). Rein is used for both meanings.

SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse rein, reina, from Proto-Germanic *rainō. Cognate with English rean, German Rain.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rein f (genitive singular reinar, nominative plural reinar)

  1. strip (of land)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


ManxEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish rígan (queen), from Proto-Celtic *rīganī. Cognate to Irish ríon, Scottish Gaelic rìghinn, rìbhinn, Welsh rhiain.

NounEdit

rein f (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. queen, regina

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French rein.

NounEdit

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (anatomy) kidney

DescendantsEdit


NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French rein, reins, from Latin rēn, rēnes.

NounEdit

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (Jersey, anatomy) kidney

Related termsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse hreinn

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

rein (neuter singular reint, definite singular and plural reine, comparative reinere, indefinite superlative reinest, definite superlative reineste)

  1. clean
  2. pure

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse hreinn

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

NounEdit

rein m (definite singular reinen, indefinite plural reiner, definite plural reinene)

  1. a reindeer
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse hreinn

AdjectiveEdit

rein (neuter singular reint, definite singular and plural reine, comparative reinare, indefinite superlative reinast, definite superlative reinaste)

  1. clean
  2. pure

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse hreinn

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

NounEdit

rein m (definite singular reinen, indefinite plural reinar, definite plural reinane)

  1. a reindeer, Rangifer tarandus
    • 1855, Ivar Aasen, Ervingen:
      [] renna i Kapp med Reinen, um Raasi er tung og vaat: Dat maa ein Galning vera, som so vil fara aat.
      To race against the reindeer, if the road is soggy and wet: It must be a madman who wants to act like that.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the plural as reins, from Latin rēnes, plural of the almost unused rēn.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

rein m (oblique plural reinz, nominative singular reinz, nominative plural rein)

  1. (anatomy) kidney
  2. (in the plural, reins) small of the back, lower back
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See rien

NounEdit

rein f (oblique plural reinz, nominative singular rein, nominative plural reinz)

  1. Alternative form of rien

VolapükEdit

NounEdit

rein (plural reins)

  1. rain

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *regnaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rein c (no plural, diminutive reintsje)

  1. rain

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • rein (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011