See also: Rein, reiñ, rein-, and reign

English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English rein, reyne, borrowed from Anglo-Norman reyne, resne, from Early Medieval Latin retina, ultimately from Classical Latin retineō (hold back), from re- + teneō (keep, hold). Compare modern French rêne.

Displaced native Old English ġewealdleþer (literally control leather).

Noun edit

rein (plural reins)

  1. A strap or rope attached to a bridle or bit, used to control a horse, animal or young child.
  2. (figurative) An instrument or means of curbing, restraining, or governing.
    The government is attempting to keep a rein on rising prices.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Verb edit

rein (third-person singular simple present reins, present participle reining, simple past and past participle reined)

  1. (transitive) To direct or stop a horse by using reins.
  2. (transitive) To restrain; to control; to check.
    • c. 1608–1609 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene iii]:
      Being once chafed, he cannot / Be reined again to temperance.
    • 2001, Jonathan Franzen, The Corrections:
      After an interval that he judged to have lasted twenty minutes, the bed began to shake with poorly reined sobs.
  3. (intransitive) To obey directions given with the reins.
    • 2011, Marie Claire Peck, Rocking Horse Ranch, page 40:
      She worked each horse at a walk, trot, and then a canter. The horses reined well and executed stops quickly.
Derived terms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2 edit

From Anglo-Norman reines, Middle French reins, and their source, Latin rēnēs. Doublet of ren.

Noun edit

rein (plural reins)

  1. (now rare, archaic, chiefly in plural) A kidney.
  2. The inward impulses; the affections and passions, formerly supposed to be located in the area of the kidneys.

Anagrams edit

Bavarian edit

Noun edit

rein

  1. (Timau) rain

References edit

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien.

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch reine, from Old Dutch reini, from Proto-West Germanic *hrainī, from Proto-Germanic *hrainiz.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

rein (comparative reiner, superlative reinst)

  1. (formal) clean, spotless
  2. (Netherlands) pure, sheer

Inflection edit

Inflection of rein
uninflected rein
inflected reine
comparative reiner
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial rein reiner het reinst
het reinste
indefinite m./f. sing. reine reinere reinste
n. sing. rein reiner reinste
plural reine reinere reinste
definite reine reinere reinste
partitive reins reiners

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Negerhollands: rein

Anagrams edit

Finnish edit

Noun edit

rein

  1. instructive plural of reki

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Middle French rein, from Old French rein, from the plural reins, from Latin rēnes < rēn, from Proto-Italic *hrēn, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰren- (an internal part of the body).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (anatomy) kidney
  2. (in the plural) small of the back, waist

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle High German reine, from Old High German reini, from Proto-West Germanic *hrainī, from Proto-Germanic *hrainiz, from Proto-Indo-European *króy-n-is, from *krey- (divide, sift). Cognate with Old Saxon hreni, (Low German ren), Dutch rein, Old Norse hreinn (Swedish ren), Ancient Greek κρῑ́νω (krī́nō, separate, decide, judge), Old Irish criathar, English riddle (sieve).

Adjective edit

rein (strong nominative masculine singular reiner, comparative reiner, superlative am reinsten)

  1. pure, clear, plain
    • 2010, Der Spiegel[1], number 24/2010, page 131:
      Natürlich ist eine Weltmeisterschaft kein reines Sportevent mehr, sie ist sicher auch ein bisschen Welt- und Entwicklungspolitik.
      Of course, a world championship is no longer a pure sports event, it surely is also a bit of world and development politics.
Declension edit

Adverb edit

rein

  1. purely
    Unsere Beziehung ist rein platonisch.
    Our relationship is purely platonic.
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Contraction of herein (in here), or hinein (in there).

Alternative forms edit

Adverb edit

rein

  1. (colloquial) inside, in here
    Er kommt jetzt rein.He's coming inside now.
  2. (colloquial) inside, in there
    Er geht rein zu den andern.He's going inside to the other people.
Usage notes edit

The standard language distinguishes the meanings of hinein (in there: away from the speaker) and herein (in here: towards the speaker). Rein is used for both meanings.

Synonyms edit
Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse rein, reina, from Proto-Germanic *rainō. Cognate with English rean, German Rain.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rein f (genitive singular reinar, nominative plural reinar)

  1. strip (of land)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Manx edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish rígan (queen), from Proto-Celtic *rīganī. Cognate to Irish ríon, Scottish Gaelic rìghinn, rìbhinn, Welsh rhiain.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rein f (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. queen, regina
    Synonym: benrein

Derived terms edit

Middle French edit

Etymology edit

From Old French rein.

Noun edit

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (anatomy) kidney

Descendants edit

Norman edit

Etymology edit

From Old French rein, reins, from Latin rēn, rēnes.

Noun edit

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (Jersey, anatomy) kidney

Related terms edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse hreinn.

Alternative forms edit

Adjective edit

rein (neuter singular reint, definite singular and plural reine, comparative reinere, indefinite superlative reinest, definite superlative reineste)

  1. clean
  2. pure

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Norse hreinn.

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Noun edit

rein m (definite singular reinen, indefinite plural reiner, definite plural reinene)

  1. a reindeer
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse hreinn.

Adjective edit

rein (neuter singular reint, definite singular and plural reine, comparative reinare, indefinite superlative reinast, definite superlative reinaste)

  1. clean
  2. pure

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Norse hreinn.

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Noun edit

rein m (definite singular reinen, indefinite plural reinar, definite plural reinane)

  1. a reindeer, Rangifer tarandus
    • 1855, Ivar Aasen, Ervingen:
      [] renna i Kapp med Reinen, um Raasi er tung og vaat: Dat maa ein Galning vera, som so vil fara aat.
      To race against the reindeer, if the road is soggy and wet: It must be a madman who wants to act like that.
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

References edit

Old French edit

Etymology 1 edit

First attested in the plural as reins, from Latin rēnes, plural of the almost unused rēn.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

rein oblique singularm (oblique plural reinz, nominative singular reinz, nominative plural rein)

  1. (anatomy) kidney
  2. (in the plural, reins) small of the back, lower back
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

See rien

Noun edit

rein oblique singularf (oblique plural reinz, nominative singular rein, nominative plural reinz)

  1. Alternative form of rien

Plautdietsch edit

Adjective edit

rein

  1. clean
  2. pure, immaculate
  3. chaste

Volapük edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rein (nominative plural reins)

  1. rain

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

From Old Frisian [Term?], from Proto-West Germanic *regn, from Proto-Germanic *regną.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rein c (no plural, diminutive reintsje)

  1. rain

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • rein (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011