Borrowed from Avestan 𐬯𐬀𐬙𐬆𐬨 (satəm, “hundred”). The canonical example of a word that changed Proto-Indo-European palatovelar */ḱ/ into sibilant /s/ by the 3rd millennium BCE, as opposed to Latin centum (“hundred”). Doublet of hundred.
satem (not comparable)
- (Indo-European linguistics) referring to a Proto-Indo-European language group that produced sibilants from a series of palatovelar stops.