Chemical structure of α-solanine, identifying the (sugar) solatriose and (alkaloid) solanidine moieties
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From translingual Solanum +‎ -ine.


solanine (countable and uncountable, plural solanines)

  1. (organic chemistry) A poisonous glycoalkaloid found in many species of the nightshade family Solanaceae, including potato and tomato.
    • 1989, R. P. Sharma, D. K. Salunkhe, Chapter 8: Solanum Glycoalkaloids, Peter R. Cheeke (editor), Toxicants of Plant Origin: Alkaloids, Volume 1: Alkaloids, page 214,
      Apparently the high activity of α-solanine injected into the bloodstream may be due to cholinesterase inhibition, while the lesser effects of orally administered α-solanine could reflect its poor adsorption from the gastrointestinal tract.
    • 1996, M. M. T. Janssen; H. M. C. Put; M. J. R. Nut, “Chapter Two: Natural Toxins”, in John De Vries, editor, Food Safety and Toxicity, page 14:
      The most potent inhibitors are found in potatoes, and of these the most active component is the glycoalkaloid solanine.
      The toxicity of solanine has been the subject of extensive study.
    • 2005, Dietrich Frohne; Hans Jürgen Pfänder, Poisonous Plants: A Handbook for Doctors, Pharmacists, Toxicologists, Biologists and Veterinarians, page 380:
      Evidently, during the ripening process, the solanines are metabolised to neutral saponins without the occurrence of glycoside hydrolysis.

Related termsEdit





solanine f

  1. plural of solanina