See also: ine, Ine, iné, and ìne

EnglishEdit

 
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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English -ine, borrowed from Old French -ine, from Latin -īnus, from Proto-Indo-European *-iHnos. More at -en.

PronunciationEdit

  • (depending on the word taking the suffix) IPA(key): /-aɪn/, /-iːn/, /-ɪn~-ən/

SuffixEdit

-ine

  1. (chiefly non-productive) Of or pertaining to.
    asinine, marine, bovine, cervine
  2. Used to form demonyms.
    Levantine, Byzantine, Argentine, Florentine
  3. (chemistry) Used to form names of chemical substances, especially basic (alkaline) substances, alkaloidal substances, or halogen elements.
    amine, aniline, caffeine, iodine
  4. (non-productive) Used to form feminine nouns.
    hero + ‎-ine → ‎heroine
    speaker + ‎-ine → ‎speakerine
  5. (non-productive) Used to form female given names or names of titles.
    Clement + ‎-ine → ‎Clementine
    landgrave + ‎-ine → ‎landgravine
  6. Commercial materials
    glass + ‎-ine → ‎glassine
Usage notesEdit

While multiple pronunciations are given above for this suffix, they are not freely interchangeable; instead, each word taking the suffix often only takes one or two of the suffix's possible pronunciations. For example, feminine is almost always pronounced with /-ɪn/, while marine is almost always pronounced with /-iːn/. However, more technical terms (such as iodine, which can take any of the suffix's three possible pronunciations) may not have an established pronunciation, though in feminine names (Maxine) and chemical use (theobromine), the pronunciation /-iːn/ is the most frequent, while in other technical formations (bovine) /-aɪn/ is common.

Derived termsEdit


Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Variant of -en.

SuffixEdit

-ine

  1. Can be used to denote the plural form of a small number of English words:
    cow + ‎-ine → ‎kine
    sow + ‎-ine → ‎swine

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same source as -ne (noun-forming suffix) (seen in murene, etc.), with contamination from -in (instrumental suffix) in both form and meaning.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ineˣ/, [ine̞(ʔ)]

SuffixEdit

-ine

  1. Forms diminutive forms of nouns, particularly for objects or tools.

Derived termsEdit


AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

-in +‎ -e

SuffixEdit

-ine

  1. feminine singular of -in
  2. female equivalent of -in

IrishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ine f

  1. genitive of -in

ItalianEdit

SuffixEdit

-ine f pl

  1. plural of -ina

LatinEdit

SuffixEdit

-īne

  1. vocative masculine singular of -īnus