See also: ine, Ine, iné, and ìne

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English -ine, from Old French -ine, from Latin -īnus, from Proto-Indo-European *-iHnos. More at -en.

Pronunciation edit

  • (depending on the word taking the suffix) IPA(key): /-aɪn/, /-iːn/, /-ɪn~-ən/

Suffix edit

-ine

  1. (chiefly non-productive) Of or pertaining to.
    asinine, marine, bovine, cervine
  2. Used to form demonyms.
    Levantine, Byzantine, Argentine, Florentine
  3. (chemistry) Used to form names of chemical substances, especially basic (alkaline) substances, alkaloidal substances, or halogen elements.
    amine, aniline, caffeine, iodine
  4. (non-productive) Used to form feminine nouns.
    hero + ‎-ine → ‎heroine
    speaker + ‎-ine → ‎speakerine
  5. (non-productive) Used to form female given names or names of titles.
    Clement + ‎-ine → ‎Clementine
    landgrave + ‎-ine → ‎landgravine
  6. Commercial materials
    glass + ‎-ine → ‎glassine
Usage notes edit

While multiple pronunciations are given above for this suffix, they are not freely interchangeable; instead, each word taking the suffix often only takes one or two of the suffix's possible pronunciations. For example, feminine is almost always pronounced with /-ɪn/, while marine is almost always pronounced with /-iːn/. However, more technical terms (such as iodine, which can take any of the suffix's three possible pronunciations) may not have an established pronunciation, though in feminine names (Maxine) and chemical use (theobromine), the pronunciation /-iːn/ is the most frequent, while in other technical formations (bovine) /-aɪn/ is common.

Synonyms edit
Antonyms edit
  • (feminine affix): he-
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

Variant of -en.

Suffix edit

-ine

  1. Found in the plural forms of a small number of English words. Not productive.
    cow + ‎-ine → ‎kine
    sow + ‎-ine → ‎swine

References edit

Anagrams edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From the same source as -ne (noun-forming suffix) (seen in murene, etc.), with contamination from -in (instrumental suffix) in both form and meaning.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /-ineˣ/, [-ine̞(ʔ)]

Suffix edit

-ine

  1. Forms diminutive forms of nouns, particularly for objects or tools.

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

From -in +‎ -e.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ine f (plural -ines)

  1. -ine; forms chemical substances
    café (coffee) + ‎-ine → ‎caféine (caffeine)
  2. forms diminutives
    escalope (escalope (cut of meat)) + ‎-ine → ‎escalopine (small escalope)
    feutre (felt (material)) + ‎-ine → ‎feutrine (lightweight felt)
  3. female equivalent of -in; forms female agent nouns
    pèler(in) (pilgrim) + ‎-ine → ‎pèlerine (female pilgrim)
    assass(in) (assassin) + ‎-ine → ‎assassine (female assassin)

Derived terms edit

German edit

Suffix edit

-ine

  1. (nonstandard) Used to form feminine nouns.
    Azubi + ‎-ine → ‎Azubine
    Dackel (dachshund) + ‎-ine → ‎Dackeline

Irish edit

Suffix edit

-ine f

  1. genitive of -in

Italian edit

Suffix edit

-ine f pl

  1. plural of -ina

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Suffix edit

-īne

  1. vocative masculine singular of -īnus

Livvi edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *-inën. Cognates include Ingrian -in and Finnish -nen.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ine

  1. Used to form diminutive nouns; -ie

Declension edit

This suffix needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms edit