Open main menu


Old EnglishEdit


  • IPA(key): /ˈstefn/, [ˈstevn]

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *stebnō, *stamnijō (voice), from Proto-Indo-European *stomen- (mouth, muzzle). Cognate with Old High German stimna (German Stimme and Danish and Norwegian stemme, Swedish stemma), Gothic 𐍃𐍄𐌹𐌱𐌽𐌰 (stibna), Old Saxon stemna (Middle Low German stemne), Dutch stem. Possibly cognate with Albanian shtie (to shoot, strike, utter, give off).

Alternative formsEdit


stefn f (nominative plural stefna or stefne)

  1. voice
    Clypiȝende stefen on ðam westene, ‘Ȝeȝearwiaþ Drihtnes weȝ, doþ rihte his siðas.’ [West Saxon dialect]
    A voice of one calling in the wilderness, ‘Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for him.’
    And ðam wæs stefn of heofenum ȝeworden, Ðu eart min ȝelufoda suna, on ðe ic ȝelicode. [West Saxon dialect]
    And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.”
    Se Hælend, ða asende his stefne, and forþferde. [West Saxon dialect]
    And Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and breathed his last.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *stamniz. Cognate with Old High German stam (German Stamm), Old Norse stafn.


stefn m (nominative plural stefnas)

  1. stem