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LatvianEdit

 Sudrabs on Latvian Wikipedia

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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a common Balto-Slavic-Germanic stem for “silver”, not attested in other branches of Indo-European. Cognates include Lithuanian sidãbras, dialectal sudãbras, archaic sidrabas (compare Latvian dialectal forms sudabrs, sidrabs), Old Prussian siraplis (accusative form sirablan), Old Church Slavonic сьрєбро ‎(sĭrebro) (Russian серебро́ ‎(serebró)), Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌻𐌿𐌱𐍂 ‎(silubr), German Silber, English silver. There are several theories about the origin of this Balt-Slatic-Germanic stem: a borrowing from Proto-Indo-Iranian *śub(h)ri apa ‎(clear, shining water), or from an Anatolian language, or from a Kartvelian (Caucasian) language, or possibly cognate with Basque zilar.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

Chemical element
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sudrabs m (1st declension)

  1. silver (precious metal; chemical element, with atomic number 47.)
    tīrradņa sudrabs — virgin silver
    sudraba rūdasilver ore
    sudraba sakausējumisilver alloys
    sudraba nitrāts, hlorīdssilver nitrate, chloride
    sudraba karotesilver spoon
    sudraba medaļasilver medal
    sudraba kāzassilver wedding (i.e., 20th anniversary)
  2. (adjectival genitive; speaking of sounds) pure, clear, clean
    viņas balsij sudraba skaņa — her voice has a silver sound

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sudrabs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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