Sudrabs on Latvian Wikipedia

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Alternative formsEdit


From a common Balto-Slavic-Germanic stem for “silver”, not attested in other branches of Indo-European. Cognates include Lithuanian sidãbras, dialectal sudãbras, archaic sidrabas (compare Latvian dialectal forms sudabrs, sidrabs), Old Prussian siraplis (accusative form sirablan), Old Church Slavonic сьрєбро ‎(sĭrebro) (Russian серебро́ ‎(serebró)), Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌻𐌿𐌱𐍂 ‎(silubr), German Silber, English silver. There are several theories about the origin of this Balt-Slatic-Germanic stem: a borrowing from Proto-Indo-Iranian *śub(h)ri apa ‎(clear, shining water), or from an Anatolian language, or from a Kartvelian (Caucasian) language, or possibly cognate with Basque zilar.[1]


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Chemical element
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sudrabs m (1st declension)

  1. silver (precious metal; chemical element, with atomic number 47.)
    tīrradņa sudrabs — virgin silver
    sudraba rūdasilver ore
    sudraba sakausējumisilver alloys
    sudraba nitrāts, hlorīdssilver nitrate, chloride
    sudraba karotesilver spoon
    sudraba medaļasilver medal
    sudraba kāzassilver wedding (i.e., 20th anniversary)
  2. (adjectival genitive; speaking of sounds) pure, clear, clean
    viņas balsij sudraba skaņa — her voice has a silver sound


Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ “sudrabs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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