See also: Vitula


Alternative formsEdit


Feminine counterpart of vitulus (a [male] calf). Whether the word for a string instrument is from this source is quite uncertain, but may be related to strings being made from the intestines of cattle; may also be a borrowing from Frankish *fiþulā (violin, fiddle).



vitula f (genitive vitulae); first declension

  1. Latin: the Roman goddess of joy and victory. See (Vitulatio)
  2. a young cow, a female calf, a heifer
  3. (Medieval Latin) a stringed musical instrument, probably the viola


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vitula vitulae
Genitive vitulae vitulārum
Dative vitulae vitulīs
Accusative vitulam vitulās
Ablative vitulā vitulīs
Vocative vitula vitulae

Derived termsEdit



  • 1. vĭtŭla”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • VITULA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • vitula”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • 1 vĭtŭla in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette: “1,687/1”
  • uitula¹” on page 2,081/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)