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See also: zilā, žila, žíla, and žiła

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LatvianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

zila

  1. genitive singular masculine form of zils
  2. nominative singular feminine form of zils

ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-gìda.

VerbEdit

-zila?

  1. (transitive) to abstain from
  2. (transitive) to avoid, to refrain from
  3. (intransitive) to fast

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukuzila
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuzila ukungazili
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular zila zile
Plural zilani zileni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyazila, ngizila engizilayo, engizila ngizila angizili engingazili ngingazili
2nd singular uyazila, uzila ozilayo, ozila uzila awuzili ongazili ungazili
1st plural siyazila, sizila esizilayo, esizila sizila asizili esingazili singazili
2nd plural niyazila, nizila enizilayo, enizila nizila anizili eningazili ningazili
Class 1 uyazila, uzila ozilayo, ozila ezila akazili ongazili engazili
Class 2 bayazila, bazila abazilayo, abazila bezila abazili abangazili bengazili
Class 3 uyazila, uzila ozilayo, ozila uzila awuzili ongazili ungazili
Class 4 iyazila, izila ezilayo, ezila izila ayizili engazili ingazili
Class 5 liyazila, lizila elizilayo, elizila lizila alizili elingazili lingazili
Class 6 ayazila, azila azilayo, azila ezila awazili angazili engazili
Class 7 siyazila, sizila esizilayo, esizila sizila asizili esingazili singazili
Class 8 ziyazila, zizila ezizilayo, ezizila zizila azizili ezingazili zingazili
Class 9 iyazila, izila ezilayo, ezila izila ayizili engazili ingazili
Class 10 ziyazila, zizila ezizilayo, ezizila zizila azizili ezingazili zingazili
Class 11 luyazila, luzila oluzilayo, oluzila luzila aluzili olungazili lungazili
Class 14 buyazila, buzila obuzilayo, obuzila buzila abuzili obungazili bungazili
Class 15 kuyazila, kuzila okuzilayo, okuzila kuzila akuzili okungazili kungazili
Class 17 kuyazila, kuzila okuzilayo, okuzila kuzila akuzili okungazili kungazili
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizilile, ngizilē engizilile, engizilē ngizilile, ngizilē angizilanga engingazilanga ngingazilanga
2nd singular uzilile, uzilē ozilile, ozilē uzilile, uzilē awuzilanga ongazilanga ungazilanga
1st plural sizilile, sizilē esizilile, esizilē sizilile, sizilē asizilanga esingazilanga singazilanga
2nd plural nizilile, nizilē enizilile, enizilē nizilile, nizilē anizilanga eningazilanga ningazilanga
Class 1 uzilile, uzilē ozilile, ozilē ezilile, ezilē akazilanga ongazilanga engazilanga
Class 2 bazilile, bazilē abazilile, abazilē bezilile, bezilē abazilanga abangazilanga bengazilanga
Class 3 uzilile, uzilē ozilile, ozilē uzilile, uzilē awuzilanga ongazilanga ungazilanga
Class 4 izilile, izilē ezilile, ezilē izilile, izilē ayizilanga engazilanga ingazilanga
Class 5 lizilile, lizilē elizilile, elizilē lizilile, lizilē alizilanga elingazilanga lingazilanga
Class 6 azilile, azilē azilile, azilē ezilile, ezilē awazilanga angazilanga engazilanga
Class 7 sizilile, sizilē esizilile, esizilē sizilile, sizilē asizilanga esingazilanga singazilanga
Class 8 zizilile, zizilē ezizilile, ezizilē zizilile, zizilē azizilanga ezingazilanga zingazilanga
Class 9 izilile, izilē ezilile, ezilē izilile, izilē ayizilanga engazilanga ingazilanga
Class 10 zizilile, zizilē ezizilile, ezizilē zizilile, zizilē azizilanga ezingazilanga zingazilanga
Class 11 luzilile, luzilē oluzilile, oluzilē luzilile, luzilē aluzilanga olungazilanga lungazilanga
Class 14 buzilile, buzilē obuzilile, obuzilē buzilile, buzilē abuzilanga obungazilanga bungazilanga
Class 15 kuzilile, kuzilē okuzilile, okuzilē kuzilile, kuzilē akuzilanga okungazilanga kungazilanga
Class 17 kuzilile, kuzilē okuzilile, okuzilē kuzilile, kuzilē akuzilanga okungazilanga kungazilanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāzila engāzila ngāzila angizilanga engingazilanga ngingazilanga
2nd singular wāzila owāzila wāzila awuzilanga ongazilanga ungazilanga
1st plural sāzila esāzila sāzila asizilanga esingazilanga singazilanga
2nd plural nāzila enāzila nāzila anizilanga eningazilanga ningazilanga
Class 1 wāzila owāzila āzila akazilanga ongazilanga engazilanga
Class 2 bāzila abāzila bāzila abazilanga abangazilanga bengazilanga
Class 3 wāzila owāzila wāzila awuzilanga ongazilanga ungazilanga
Class 4 yāzila eyāzila yāzila ayizilanga engazilanga ingazilanga
Class 5 lāzila elāzila lāzila alizilanga elingazilanga lingazilanga
Class 6 āzila āzila āzila awazilanga angazilanga engazilanga
Class 7 sāzila esāzila sāzila asizilanga esingazilanga singazilanga
Class 8 zāzila ezāzila zāzila azizilanga ezingazilanga zingazilanga
Class 9 yāzila eyāzila yāzila ayizilanga engazilanga ingazilanga
Class 10 zāzila ezāzila zāzila azizilanga ezingazilanga zingazilanga
Class 11 lwāzila olwāzila lwāzila aluzilanga olungazilanga lungazilanga
Class 14 bāzila obāzila bāzila abuzilanga obungazilanga bungazilanga
Class 15 kwāzila okwāzila kwāzila akuzilanga okungazilanga kungazilanga
Class 17 kwāzila okwāzila kwāzila akuzilanga okungazilanga kungazilanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingazila ngingazila ngingezile ngingezile
2nd singular ungazila ungazila ungezile ungezile
1st plural singazila singazila singezile singezile
2nd plural ningazila ningazila ningezile ningezile
Class 1 angazila engazila angezile engezile
Class 2 bangazila bengazila bangezile bengezile
Class 3 ungazila ungazila ungezile ungezile
Class 4 ingazila ingazila ingezile ingezile
Class 5 lingazila lingazila lingezile lingezile
Class 6 angazila engazila angezile engezile
Class 7 singazila singazila singezile singezile
Class 8 zingazila zingazila zingezile zingezile
Class 9 ingazila ingazila ingezile ingezile
Class 10 zingazila zingazila zingezile zingezile
Class 11 lungazila lungazila lungezile lungezile
Class 14 bungazila bungazila bungezile bungezile
Class 15 kungazila kungazila kungezile kungezile
Class 17 kungazila kungazila kungezile kungezile
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizozila engizozila ngizozila angizuzila ngingezuzila
2nd singular uzozila ozozila uzozila awuzuzila ungezuzila
1st plural sizozila esizozila sizozila asizuzila singezuzila
2nd plural nizozila enizozila nizozila anizuzila ningezuzila
Class 1 uzozila ozozila ezozila akazuzila engezuzila
Class 2 bazozila abazozila bezozila abazuzila bengezuzila
Class 3 uzozila ozozila uzozila awuzuzila ungezuzila
Class 4 izozila ezozila izozila ayizuzila ingezuzila
Class 5 lizozila elizozila lizozila alizuzila lingezuzila
Class 6 azozila azozila ezozila awazuzila engezuzila
Class 7 sizozila esizozila sizozila asizuzila singezuzila
Class 8 zizozila ezizozila zizozila azizuzila zingezuzila
Class 9 izozila ezozila izozila ayizuzila ingezuzila
Class 10 zizozila ezizozila zizozila azizuzila zingezuzila
Class 11 luzozila oluzozila luzozila aluzuzila lungezuzila
Class 14 buzozila obuzozila buzozila abuzuzila bungezuzila
Class 15 kuzozila okuzozila kuzozila akuzuzila kungezuzila
Class 17 kuzozila okuzozila kuzozila akuzuzila kungezuzila
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyozila engiyozila ngiyozila angiyuzila ngingeyuzila
2nd singular uyozila oyozila uyozila awuyuzila ungeyuzila
1st plural siyozila esiyozila siyozila asiyuzila singeyuzila
2nd plural niyozila eniyozila niyozila aniyuzila ningeyuzila
Class 1 uyozila oyozila eyozila akayuzila engeyuzila
Class 2 bayozila abayozila beyozila abayuzila bengeyuzila
Class 3 uyozila oyozila uyozila awuyuzila ungeyuzila
Class 4 iyozila eyozila iyozila ayiyuzila ingeyuzila
Class 5 liyozila eliyozila liyozila aliyuzila lingeyuzila
Class 6 ayozila ayozila eyozila awayuzila engeyuzila
Class 7 siyozila esiyozila siyozila asiyuzila singeyuzila
Class 8 ziyozila eziyozila ziyozila aziyuzila zingeyuzila
Class 9 iyozila eyozila iyozila ayiyuzila ingeyuzila
Class 10 ziyozila eziyozila ziyozila aziyuzila zingeyuzila
Class 11 luyozila oluyozila luyozila aluyuzila lungeyuzila
Class 14 buyozila obuyozila buyozila abuyuzila bungeyuzila
Class 15 kuyozila okuyozila kuyozila akuyuzila kungeyuzila
Class 17 kuyozila okuyozila kuyozila akuyuzila kungeyuzila
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngizile ngingazili
2nd singular uzile ungazili
1st plural sizile singazili
2nd plural nizile ningazili
Class 1 azile angazili
Class 2 bazile bangazili
Class 3 uzile ungazili
Class 4 izile ingazili
Class 5 lizile lingazili
Class 6 azile angazili
Class 7 sizile singazili
Class 8 zizile zingazili
Class 9 izile ingazili
Class 10 zizile zingazili
Class 11 luzile lungazili
Class 14 buzile bungazili
Class 15 kuzile kungazili
Class 17 kuzile kungazili
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngazila angizila
2nd singular wazila awuzila
1st plural sazila asizila
2nd plural nazila anizila
Class 1 wazila akazila
Class 2 bazila abazila
Class 3 wazila awuzila
Class 4 yazila ayizila
Class 5 lazila alizila
Class 6 azila awazila
Class 7 sazila asizila
Class 8 zazila azizila
Class 9 yazila ayizila
Class 10 zazila azizila
Class 11 lwazila aluzila
Class 14 bazila abuzila
Class 15 kwazila akuzila
Class 17 kwazila akuzila

ReferencesEdit