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See also: Refrain

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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈfɹeɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

Etymology 1Edit

From a combination of Anglo-Norman refraindre, Middle French refreindre (from Latin refringere), and Anglo-Norman refrener, Middle French refrener (from Latin refrenare).

VerbEdit

refrain (third-person singular simple present refrains, present participle refraining, simple past and past participle refrained)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To hold back, to restrain (someone or something). [from 14th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote by Bible?) Proverbs i:15
      Refrain thy foot from their path.
  2. (reflexive, archaic) To show restraint; to hold oneself back. [from 14th c.]
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts V:
      And nowe I saye unto you: refrayne youreselves from these men, and let them alone [...].
  3. (transitive, now rare) To repress (a desire, emotion etc.); to check or curb. [from 14th c.]
    • Chaucer
      his reson aperceyueth it wel that it is synne / agayns the lawe of god / and yet his reson / refreyneth nat his foul delit or talent.
  4. (intransitive) To stop oneself from some action or interference; to abstain. [from 15th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote by Bible?), Acts v. 38
      Refrain from these men, and let them alone.
    • (Can we date this quote by Thomas Browne?)
      They refrained therefrom [eating flesh] some time after.
  5. (transitive, now rare, regional) To abstain from (food or drink). [from 16th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote by Thomas Browne?)
      Who, requiring a remedy for his gout, received no other counsel than to refrain cold drink.
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From French refrain, from the Old French verb refraindre (to break off, repeat), from Latin re- (back, again) + frangō (break); compare Occitan refranhs (a refrain), refranher (to repeat). See refract and the verb refrain.

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

refrain (plural refrains)

  1. The chorus or burden of a song repeated at the end of each verse or stanza.
  2. A much repeated comment, complaint, or saying.
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Alteration of Old French refrait, past participle of the verb refraindre (based on the verb's infinitive), itself from Vulgar Latin *refrangere, from Latin refringo, refringere.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

refrain m (plural refrains)

  1. refrain, chorus

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French.

NounEdit

refrain m (invariable)

  1. refrain
    Synonym: ritornello

AnagramsEdit