refrain

See also: Refrain

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈfɹeɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English refreynen, from Anglo-Norman refraindre, Middle French refreindre (from Latin refringere), and Anglo-Norman refrener, Middle French refrener (from Latin refrenare).

VerbEdit

refrain (third-person singular simple present refrains, present participle refraining, simple past and past participle refrained)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To hold back, to restrain (someone or something). [from 14th c.]
  2. (reflexive, archaic) To show restraint; to hold oneself back. [from 14th c.]
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts V:
      And nowe I saye unto you: refrayne youreselves from these men, and let them alone [...].
    • 1899, Sabine Baring-Gould, A Book of the West Volume 1 Chapter 18
      As I went down the river, all dissatisfaction at my lot passed away, and by the time Dartmouth came in view I could no longer refrain myself, but threw my cap into the air, and barely caught it from falling overboard as I shouted, "Hurrah for merry England! [] "
  3. (transitive, now rare) To repress (a desire, emotion etc.); to check or curb. [from 14th c.]
  4. (intransitive, with preposition "from") To stop oneself from some action or interference; to abstain. [from 15th c.]
  5. (transitive, rare, regional) To abstain from (food or drink). [from 16th c.]
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From French refrain, from the Old French verb refraindre (to break off, repeat), from Latin re- (back, again) + frangō (break); compare Occitan refranhs (a refrain), refranher (to repeat). See refract and the verb refrain.

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

refrain (plural refrains)

  1. The chorus or burden of a song repeated at the end of each verse or stanza.
    • 1949, George Orwell, chapter 1, in Nineteen Eighty-Four:
      For perhaps as much as thirty seconds they kept it up. It was a refrain that was often heard in moments of overwhelming emotion. Partly it was a sort of hymn to the wisdom and majesty of Big Brother, but still more it was an act of self-hypnosis, a deliberate drowning of consciousness by means of rhythmic noise.
  2. (by extension) A much repeated comment, complaint, or saying.
    Synonym: old saw
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Alteration of Old French refrait, past participle of the verb refraindre (based on the verb's infinitive), itself from Vulgar Latin *refrangere, from Latin refringo, refringere.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

refrain m (plural refrains)

  1. refrain, chorus

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Danish: refræn
  • English: refrain
  • German: Refrain
  • Spanish: refrán

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French refrain.

NounEdit

refrain m (invariable)

  1. refrain
    Synonym: ritornello

Further readingEdit

  • refrain in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

AnagramsEdit