ļauns

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the stem of the verb ļaut (to allow, to permit; to tolerate) (q.v.), with a suffix *-no. The original meaning was probably “allowed (to do as s/he pleased), allowed (to let go)” (cf. palaist (to let go), palaidnis (naughty child)). Cognates include Lithuanian liáunas, liaũnas (flexible; slim, slender; weal; free, serene).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

ļauns (definite ļaunais, comparative ļaunāks, superlative visļaunākais, adverb ļauni)

  1. evil, wicked (whose behavior, attitude towards others is hostile, cruel, vile, criminal)
    ļauns cilvēksevil person
    viens un tas pats cilvēks var būt vienā brīdī bezgala labs un otrā, neticami ļauns — the same person can be one moment infintely good, and then, incredibly evil
  2. evil (expressing hatred, cruelty)
    ļauns smīnsevil grin
    ļauna sirdsevil heart, malice
    ļauns prieks — gloat (lit. evil joy)
    ļauna acs (kādam) — (someone has) evil eye (i.e., can curse)
  3. evil, bad (relating to, leading to something very undesirable, misfortune, sorrow; dangerous)
    ļauns liktenisevil fate
    ļauns stāvoklisbad, twisted condition
    noticis kas ļauns — something bad happened
    ļaunākajā gadījumā — in the worst (lit. worse) case
    visas labās un ļaunās dienas — all the good and bad days
  4. evil, twisted, dark (whose content expresses something hateful, cruel)
    ļauns humorstwisted, dark humor
    ļauna slava — infamy (lit. evil fame)
  5. (of animals, plants) harmful
    no gundegu sugām pašas indīgākas ir ļaunās gundegas — of all species of buttercup the most poisonous is the celery-leaved buttercup (lit. evil buttercup)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “ļauns” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 29 March 2014, at 22:46