Character  ղ 
Unicode name ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER GHAD
Codepoint U+0572
See also: η, ή, դ, and

ArmenianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

ղ

ղ lowercase (uppercase Ղ)

  1. The 18th letter of Armenian alphabet, called ղատ (łat).
    Represents:
    velarized alveolar lateral approximant: IPA(key): [ɫ] in Old Armenian. Transliterated as ł.
    voiced uvular fricative: IPA(key): [ʁ] in Eastern Armenian. Transliterated as ġ.
    voiced uvular fricative: IPA(key): [ʁ] in Western Armenian. Transliterated as ġ.
  2. The numeral 90 in Armenian numbering.

Usage notesEdit

The pronunciation of this latter has changed considerably since classical Old Armenian. The oldest pronunciation was an l-like sound (hear it). Hence the spellings like Պաղեստին (Pałestin), Ղուկաս (Łukas), մետաղ (metał). It turned into [ʁ] (hear it) around the 10-11th centuries.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Jasmine Dum-Tragut (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, § 1.1.2.2, page 18, ISBN 9789027238146
Last modified on 31 March 2014, at 02:46