Last modified on 31 March 2014, at 02:46

ֆ

Character  ֆ 
Unicode name ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER FEH
Unicode block Armenian
Codepoint U+0586
See also: Ֆ, $, , , and

ArmenianEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Introduced in the 11th century (first attested in 1037). Probably modeled on Ancient Greek φ (ph).

LetterEdit

ֆ

ֆ lowercase (uppercase Ֆ)

  1. The 39th and last letter of the Armenian alphabet, called ֆե (fe). Represents voiceless labiodental fricative: IPA(key): [f]. Transliterated as f.

Usage notesEdit

  • Old Armenian did not have an IPA(key): [f] sound; in borrowed words it was replaced by փ (pʿ) (especially from Greek) and/or հ (h) (especially from Iranian when preceding -r-); compare փիլիսոփայ (pʿilisopʿay), հրաման (hraman), օրհնեմ (ōrhnem).
  • Because this letter is a late addition, it has no numerical value.
  • In Traditional Armenian orthography this is the 38th letter.
  • Words with ֆ (f) are either borrowings or are of onomatopoeic origin (though it is sometimes found in dialectal developments of some genuine Armenian words).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Jasmine Dum-Tragut (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, § 1.1.2.2, page 18, ISBN 9789027238146