Last modified on 27 May 2014, at 14:42
Character  ո 
Unicode name ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER VO
Unicode block Armenian
Codepoint U+0578
See also: ռ and n

ArmenianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

ո

ո lowercase (uppercase Ո)

  1. The 24th letter of Armenian alphabet. Transliterated as o. Represents а open-mid back rounded vowel: IPA(key): [ɔ] (but IPA(key): [vɔ] word-initially).
  2. The numeral 600 in Armenian numbering.

Usage notesEdit

According to Jasmine Dum-Tragut, in the initial position ո (o) is usually pronounced with a glide, namely the labiodental approximant, as IPA(key): [ʋɔ], e.g. որդի (ordi) IPA(key): [ʋɔɾˈtʰi]. Vahagn Petrosyan, a Wiktionarian, disagrees: in Standard Eastern Armenian word-initially ո (o) is pronounced as IPA(key): [vɔ], with a voiced labiodental fricative.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Jasmine Dum-Tragut (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, § 1.1.2, ISBN 9789027238146

Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • ով (ov) (used before vowels)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷos, by loosing the initial consonant.

PronounEdit

ո՞ (o?)

  1. (interrogative) who?
    ո՞, ո՞ ոքo?, o? okʿ ― who?
    ո՞ ի ձէնջ իշխեսցէ առնել զայդo? i jēnǰ išxescʿē aṙnel zayd ― who among you dare do that?
    ո՞ ոք ի մարդկանէo? okʿ i mardkanē ― who is he that ...?
    գիտեմ ո՛ է դաgitem ó ē da ― I know who he is
    ո՛ ոք եւ իցէó okʿ ew icʿē ― whoever he may be
    ո՞յր է մատեանսo?yr ē mateans ― whose book is this?
    զո՞ խնդրէքzo? xndrēkʿ ― whom do you seek?
    ո՞յր եսo?yr es ― who are you for?
    ո՞ւմ ասացերu?m asacʿer ― to whom have you spoken?
    ո՞ գիտէo? gitē ― who knows?
    ո՞յք ոմանք իցենo?ykʿ omankʿ icʿen ― who are they who ...?
    ո՞ւմ ի կապելոցu?m i kapelocʿ ― to which of the prisoners?
    յո՞ւմ անձինyu?m anjin ― on which person?
    ո՞յք եմքo?ykʿ emkʿ ― who are we?
    ո եւ պէտo ew pēt ― whoever it may be
    յոյր սակս/սակիyoyr saks/saki ― why? on what account? for what reason?
    ում եւ պետum ew pet ― whatever, whatsoever

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: ով (ov)

ReferencesEdit

  • ո in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ո in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ո in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University