Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 05:18

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 土尸山山 (GSUU), four-corner 47172, composition)

  1. cave, hole

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 231, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5205
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 459, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5800

ChineseEdit

cave; hole
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (堀), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 物
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 衢物切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨut̚/ /gi̯uət̚/ /ɡiuət̚/ /ɡiut̚/ /gut̚/ /ɡĭuət̚/ /ɡiuət̚/
Character (堀), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 沒
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 苦骨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuət̚/ /kʰuət̚/ /kʰuət̚/ /kʰuot̚/ /kʰwət̚/ /kʰuət̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khwot › /*[kʰ]ˤut/ hole

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1567 2 /*kʰluːd/
1587 2 /*ɡlud/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ほり, romaji hori)

  1. moat, canal, trench

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ほり, romaji Hori)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gul) (hangeul , revised gul, McCune-Reischauer kul)

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