Last modified on 16 October 2014, at 23:45
See also: , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
气-bw.png
Stroke order
气-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

气 气 气 气
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形)

A pictograme of an air flow.

In seal form, it was the same as .

Han characterEdit

(radical 84 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人一弓 (OMN), X人一弓 (XOMN), four-corner 80017)

  1. steam, vapour, air
  2. spirit
  3. KangXi radical 84

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 599, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17043
  • Dae Jaweon: page 990, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2010, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C14

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (气), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 去旣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨiH/ /kʰe̯iH/ /kʰiəiH/ /kʰɨiH/ /kʰɨjH/ /kʰĭəiH/ /kʰiəiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khj+jH › /*C.qʰəәp-s/ (inhaled thing:) breath, air, vapors

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10141 1 /*kʰɯds/ 通作氣

DefinitionsEdit

English Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia en

NounEdit

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) air; gas
    • 出去 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Chūqù tòu tòu qì! [Pinyin]
      Go out to breath fresh air!
    • 轮胎 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Lúntāi lòu qì le. [Pinyin]
      The tire leaks air.
  2. (Intermediate Mandarin) breath
  3. smell; odour
    • 把厨炊的烟火从衣服上去掉是很难的。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Bǎ chú chuī de yānhuǒ cóng yīfú shàngqù diào shì hěn nán de. [Pinyin]
      It is difficult to remove the smell of cooking from clothes.
    • 气味 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]qìwèi [Pinyin] — smell
  4. weather
    • 天气 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]tiānqì [Pinyin] — weather
  5. (Chinese philosophy) Qi; vital energy; life force

VerbEdit

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) to get angry
    • 生气 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]shēngqì [Pinyin] — to get angry
  2. to make angry, to annoy
    • 我! [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]bié wǒ! [Pinyin] — Don't annoy me!
  3. to breath
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-17.
  • "Jukuu" (in Mandarin/English), Jukuu.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(Radical)

  1. spirit
  2. air
  3. steam radical (きがまえ,kigamae)

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • This character exists only as a radical in Japanese. The corresponding character is .

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit