Last modified on 15 September 2014, at 22:38
See also: Ξ, , , , , and
Character  三 
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E09
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
Codepoint U+4E09
 ← CJK Unified Ideographs → 

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
三-bw.png
Stroke order
三-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一一一 (MMM), four-corner 10101, composition一一)

  1. three

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 76, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12
  • Dae Jaweon: page 138, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 4, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E09

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-sum.

Graphically, 三 is formed by writing three times; note that all horizontal strokes are written left-to-right. Since means one, 三 means three. Chinese characters often exhibit tripling to show a group of something; 三 is thus similar to and other characters formed the same way.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (三), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 蘇甘切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sam/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/
Character (三), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 蘇暫切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑmH/ /sɑmH/ /sɑmH/ /sɑmH/ /samH/ /sɑmH/ /sɑmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sān ‹ sam › /*srum {*sr[u]m} (*sr- › *s-; infl. by 四 *s-?)/ three
sān ‹ samH › /*s.rəm-s {*[s.r][ə]m-s} (*s.r- › *s-, infl. by 四 *s-)/ thrice
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10963 3 /*suːm/
10965 3 /*suːms/

NumeralEdit

  1. three

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. San

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-21.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Japanese financial/formal form): 参

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana さん, romaji san)

  1. three

NumeralEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
2 3 4
    Cardinal :

(さん, san)

  1. three, 3

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

/mi1/: [mi].

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. three

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sam)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sam, McCune-Reischauer: sam, Yale: sam)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: set, McCune-Reischauer: set, Yale: seys)
  1. three

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tam)

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