See also: Ξ, , , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
三-bw.png
Stroke order
三-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

三 is formed by writing three times; note that all horizontal strokes are written left-to-right. Since means one, 三 means three. Chinese characters often exhibit tripling to show a group of something; 三 is thus similar to and other characters formed the same way.

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一一一 (MMM), four-corner 10101, composition)

  1. three

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 76, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12
  • Dae Jaweon: page 138, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 4, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E09

See alsoEdit


CantoneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Chinese *sum, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k-thum "three" (compare Classical Tibetan gsum)

HanziEdit

(Jyutping saam1, saam3, Yale saam1, saam3)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ sam (sam1), Guangdong sam1, Hagfa Pinyim sam1)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Japanese financial/formal form): 参

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana さん, romaji san)

  1. three

NumeralEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal :

(さん, san)

  1. three, 3

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

/mi1/: [mi].

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. three

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sam)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sam, McCune-Reischauer: sam, Yale: sam)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: set, McCune-Reischauer: set, Yale: seys)
  1. three

ReferencesEdit


MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin sān
Zhuyin ㄙㄢ
IPA (key) /sa̠n⁵⁵/
Audio
(file)

HanziEdit

(Pinyin sān (san1), Wade-Giles san1)

CompoundsEdit

NumeralEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin sān)

  1. three

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin sān)

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-21.

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*sɑm)


Min NanEdit

Han characterEdit

(POJ saⁿ (saⁿ1), sam (sam1), sàm (sam3))


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tam)

Last modified on 9 April 2014, at 06:17