Last modified on 12 September 2014, at 16:35
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
种-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 115 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木中 (HDL), four-corner 25906)

  1. seed
  2. race, breed
  3. to plant
  4. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 850, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24942
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1273, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2593, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+79CD

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (种), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 直弓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨuŋ/ /ȡʱi̯uŋ/ /ȡiuŋ/ /ɖiuŋ/ /ɖuwŋ/ /ȡĭuŋ/ /ȡiuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǒng ‹ tsyowngX › /*k.toŋʔ/ seed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17415 0 /*duŋ/

NounEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) race
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) species
  3. (Beginning Mandarin) seed
  4. (Beginning Mandarin) guts; grit
  5. (Beginning Mandarin) kind; sort; type

Proper nounEdit

  1. a Chinese surname: Chong

VerbEdit

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) to plant; to cultivate

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chung) (hangeul , revised chung, McCune-Reischauer ch'ung, Yale chwung)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chủng)

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