EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English -dom, from Old English -dōm (-dom: state, condition, power, dominion, authority, property, right, office, quality, suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-dōmaz (-dom). Cognate with Scots -dom (-dom), West Frisian -dom (-dom), Dutch -dom (-dom), German -tum (-dom), Swedish -dom (-dom), Icelandic -dómur (-dom). Same as Old English dōm (doom, judgment, sentence, condemnation, ordeal, judicial sentence, decree, ordinance, law, custom; justice, equity; direction, ruling, governing, command; might, power, dominion, supremacy, majesty, glory, magnificence, splendor, reputation, honor, praise, dignity, authority; state, condition). More at doom.

SuffixEdit

-dom

  1. Forming nouns denoting the condition or state of the suffixed word.
    • 1995, Isabel Fonseca, Bury Me Standing, Vintage 2007, p. 74:
      there always seemed to be one outrageous beauty: an angel who would have been forced into indentured topmodeldom had she been found on a Paris bus; or a wavy-lipped, chisel-chinned, almond-eyed boy-warrior out of the Iliad, as beautiful as humans come.
    • 2011, Caitlin Moran, The Times, 19 Mar 2011:
      It is only the English language that has let the cabbage down – giving it, quite frankly, the ugliest name in all of veg-dom.

Derived termsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch -dom, from Old Dutch -duom, from Proto-Germanic *dōmaz. Cognate with English -dom, German -tum.[1]

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-dom m

  1. belonging to a domain or territory (e.g. groothertogdom (grandduchy); this sense is no longer productive)
  2. quality or condition of the adjective stem (e.g. eigendom less productive than suffixes like -heid)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ J. de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1986 (14de druk)

NorwegianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse -dómr

SuffixEdit

-dom

  1. Suffix used to form nouns out of adjectives, meaning the quality, property or condition of the adjective.

Derived termsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old English -dōm from dōm "state, condition, authority, jurisdiction".

SuffixEdit

-dom

  1. Belonging to a domain or jurisdiction.
  2. Condition or quality.

DescendantsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old Saxon -dōm from dōm "state, condition, authority, jurisdiction".

SuffixEdit

-dom

  1. (belonging to a) domain or jurisdiction
  2. condition or quality

SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-dom

  1. -hood, -ledge, -ness; making a noun (representing a state) from an adjective or noun, e.g. rik (rich) → rikedom (wealth, fortune); ung (young) → ungdom (youth); barn (child) → barndom (childhood)

Usage notesEdit

  • These nouns don't double the m in definite or plural forms, e.g. rikedomen, ungdomar. This is the same for the noun dom (judgement, verdict).

See alsoEdit

  • -döme
Last modified on 26 March 2014, at 20:38