Last modified on 24 July 2014, at 10:08

state

See also: State

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Latin status (manner of standing, attitude, position, carriage, manner, dress, apparel; and other senses), from stare (to stand).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

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state (plural states)

  1. A polity.
    1. Any sovereign polity; a government.
      • 20C, Albert Einstein, as quoted by Virgil Henshaw in Albert Einstein: Philosopher Scientist (1949)
        Never do anything against conscience even if the state demands it.
      • 2013 June 7, David Simpson, “Fantasy of navigation”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 36: 
        It is tempting to speculate about the incentives or compulsions that might explain why anyone would take to the skies in [the] basket [of a balloon]: […];  […]; or perhaps to muse on the irrelevance of the borders that separate nation states and keep people from understanding their shared environment.
    2. A political division of a federation retaining a degree of autonomy, for example one of the fifty United States. See also Province.
    3. (obsolete) A form of government other than a monarchy.
      • John Dryden (1631-1700)
        Well monarchies may own religion's name, / But states are atheists in their very fame.
    4. (anthropology) A society larger than a tribe. A society large enough to form a state in the sense of a government.
  2. A condition; a set of circumstances applying at any given time.
    a state of being;   a state of emergency
    • John Dryden (1631-1700)
      Declare the past and present state of things.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, The Celebrity:
      I corralled the judge, and we started off across the fields, in no very mild state of fear of that gentleman's wife, whose vigilance was seldom relaxed.
    1. (computing) The stable condition of a processor during a particular clock cycle.
      In the fetch state, the address of the next instruction is placed on the address bus.
    2. (computing) The set of all parameters relevant to a computation.
      The state here includes a set containing all names seen so far.
    3. (computing) The values of all parameters at some point in a computation.
      A debugger can show the state of a program at any breakpoint.
    4. (sciences) The physical property of matter as solid, liquid, gas or plasma.
    5. (obsolete) Highest and stationary condition, as that of maturity between growth and decline, or as that of crisis between the increase and the abating of a disease; height; acme.
  3. High social standing or circumstance.
    1. Pomp, ceremony, or dignity.
      The President's body will lie in state at the Capitol.
    2. Rank; condition; quality.
    3. Condition of prosperity or grandeur; wealthy or prosperous circumstances; social importance.
      • Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
        She instructed him how he should keep state, and yet with a modest sense of his misfortunes.
      • Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
        Can this imperious lord forget to reign, / Quit all his state, descend, and serve again?
    4. A chair with a canopy above it, often standing on a dais; a seat of dignity; also, the canopy itself.
      • John Milton (1608-1674)
        His high throne, [] under state / Of richest texture spread.
      • Jonathan Swift (1667–1745)
        When he went to court, he used to kick away the state, and sit down by his prince cheek by jowl.
    5. (obsolete) A great person, a dignitary; a lord or prince.
      • 1644, John Milton, Aeropagitica:
        They who to States and Governours of the Commonwealth direct their Speech [] ; I suppose them as at the beginning of no meane endeavour, not a little alter'd and mov'd inwardly in their mindes [] .
    6. (obsolete) Estate, possession.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Daniel to this entry?)
  4. (mathematics, stochastic processes) An element of the range of the random variables that define a random process.

Derived termsEdit

Look at pages starting with state.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

state (third-person singular simple present states, present participle stating, simple past and past participle stated)

  1. (transitive) To declare to be a fact.
    He stated that he was willing to help.
  2. (transitive) To make known.
    State your intentions.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AdjectiveEdit

state (comparative more state, superlative most state)

  1. (obsolete) stately
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)

Related termsEdit

StatisticsEdit

External linksEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

NounEdit

state

  1. plural form of staat

ItalianEdit

VerbEdit

state

  1. second-person plural indicative present tense of stare
  2. second-person plural imperative of stare
  3. feminine plural of stato

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

VerbEdit

stāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of stō

ParticipleEdit

state

  1. vocative masculine singular of status