Last modified on 20 May 2014, at 19:45

adjunct

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Latin adiunctus, perfect passive participle of adiungō (join to), from ad + iungō (join).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈædʒʌŋkt/
  • Hyphenation: ad‧junct

NounEdit

adjunct (plural adjuncts)

  1. An appendage; something attached to something else in a subordinate capacity.
    • Shakespeare
      Learning is but an adjunct to our self.
  2. A person associated with another, usually in a subordinate position; a colleague.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wotton to this entry?)
  3. (grammar) A dispensable phrase in a clause or sentence that amplifies its meaning, such as "for a while" in "I typed for a while".
  4. (rhetoric) Symploce.
  5. (dated, metaphysics) A quality or property of the body or mind, whether natural or acquired, such as colour in the body or judgement in the mind.
  6. (music) A key or scale closely related to another as principal; a relative or attendant key.
  7. (syntax, X-bar theory) A constituent which is both the daughter and the sister of an X-bar.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 177:
      We can see from (34) that Determiners are sisters of N-bar and daughters of
      N-double-bar; Adjuncts are both sisters and daughters of N-bar; and Comple-
      ments are sisters of N and daughters of N-bar. This means that Adjuncts re-
      semble Complements in that both are daughters of N-bar; but they differ from
      Complements in that Adjuncts are sisters of N-bar, whereas Complements are
      sisters of N. Likewise, it means that Adjuncts resemble Determiners in that
      both are sisters of N-bar, but they differ from Determiners in that Adjuncts
      are daughters of N-bar, whereas Determiners are daughters of N-double-bar.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

adjunct (comparative more adjunct, superlative most adjunct)

  1. Connected in a subordinate function.
    • Shakespeare
      Though that my death were adjunct to my act.
  2. Added to a faculty or staff in a secondary position.