Last modified on 27 September 2014, at 21:14

cactus

See also: Cactus

EnglishEdit

Saguaro cactus (Ansel Adams, 1941)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cactus, from Ancient Greek κάκτος (káktos, cardoon), of pre-Greek origin.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cactus (plural cacti or cactuses or cactus)

  1. (botany) Any member of the family Cactaceae, a family of flowering New World succulent plants suited to a hot, semi-desert climate.
  2. Any succulent plant with a thick fleshy stem bearing spines but no leaves, including euphorbs.

Usage notesEdit

In modern English, the term cactus properly refers to plants belonging to the family Cactaceae. With one exception, all are native to the New World (the Americas). The sole exception is Rhipsalis, a jungle epiphyte found in tropical Africa, Madagascar, and Sri Lanka, as well as North and South America. Informally, cactus is used to refer to any stem succulent adapted to a dry climate, notably species from genus Euphorbia with forms reminiscent of Cactaceae. To be precise, these succulents are correctly described as "cactoid" or "cactiform" unless they are actual members of the Cactaceae.

HypernymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cactus (not comparable)

  1. (Australia, slang) Non-functional, broken, exhausted.
    • 2001 July 8, Dave, “TV Problems”, aus.electronics, Usenet:
      I wouldn't mind throwing it away if it's cactus except for the VCR part which works fine, so then I'd be up for a new VCR as well.
    • 2004 August 25, AC, “water damage ???”, alt.cellular.nokia, Usenet:
      I would say it's cactus. Water conducts & destroys components & PCBs very easily. Hence the water-resistant phones.
    • 2009, Will Chaffey, Swimming with Crocodiles: An Australian Adventure, page 108,
      ‘It′s cactus,’ Rod, the helicopter pilot, said at the sound of the piston ring shattering.

See alsoEdit

Wikisource
See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:

AsturianEdit

NounEdit

cactus m (plural cactus)

  1. (botany) cactus (member of the Cactaceae)

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cactus m (plural cactus)

  1. cactus

External linksEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

cactus m (invariable)

  1. cactus

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek κάκτος (káktos, cardoon).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cactus m (genitive cactī); second declension

  1. the cardoon, Cynara cardunculus

InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative cactus cactī
genitive cactī cactōrum
dative cactō cactīs
accusative cactum cactōs
ablative cactō cactīs
vocative cacte cactī

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

See cacto.

NounEdit

cactus m (plural cactus)

  1. Alternative form of cacto.