Last modified on 23 October 2014, at 12:38

crook

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English croke, crok, from Old English *crōc (hook, bend, crook), from Proto-Germanic *krōkaz (bend, hook), from Proto-Indo-European *greg- (tracery, basket, bend). Cognate with Dutch kreuk (a bend, fold, wrinkle), Middle Low German kroke, krake (fold, wrinkle), Danish krog (crook, hook), Swedish krok (crook, hook), Icelandic krókur (hook).

NounEdit

crook (plural crooks)

  1. A bend; turn; curve; curvature; a flexure.
    She held the baby in the crook of her arm.
    • Phaer
      through lanes, and crooks, and darkness
  2. A bending of the knee; a genuflection.
  3. A bent or curved part; a curving piece or portion (of anything).
    the crook of a cane
    • 1907, Robert Chambers, chapter 1/2, The Younger Set[1]:
      It was flood-tide along Fifth Avenue ; motor, brougham, and victoria swept by on the glittering current ; […] ; young men […], silk-hatted, frock-coated, the crooks of their walking sticks tucked up under their left arms, passed on the Park side.
  4. (obsolete) A lock or curl of hair.
  5. (obsolete) A gibbet.
  6. (obsolete) A support beam consisting of a post with a cross-beam resting upon it; a bracket or truss consisting of a vertical piece, a horizontal piece, and a strut.
  7. A shepherd's crook; a staff with a semi-circular bend ("hook") at one end used by shepherds.
    • 1970, The New English Bible with the Apocrypha, Oxford Study Edition, published 1976, Oxford University Press, Psalms 23-4, page 583:
      Even though I walk through a / valley dark as death / I fear no evil, for thou art with me, / thy staff and thy crook are my / comfort.
  8. A bishop's staff of office.
  9. An artifice; a trick; a contrivance.
    • Cranmer
      for all your brags, hooks, and crooks
  10. A person who steals, lies, cheats or does other dishonest or illegal things; a criminal.
  11. A pothook.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      as black as the crook
  12. (music) A small tube, usually curved, applied to a trumpet, horn, etc., to change its pitch or key.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

crook (third-person singular simple present crooks, present participle crooking, simple past and past participle crooked)

  1. (transitive) To bend.
    He crooked his finger toward me.
    • Shakespeare
      Crook the pregnant hinges of the knee.
    • 1917, Leo Tolstoy, Constance Garnett (translator)Anna Karenina, Part 4, Chapter 5,
      [] In the following cases: physical defect in the married parties, desertion without communication for five years,” he said, crooking a short finger covered with hair [] .
  2. To turn from the path of rectitude; to pervert; to misapply; to twist.
    • Ascham
      There is no one thing that crooks youth more than such unlawful games.
    • Francis Bacon
      Whatsoever affairs pass such a man's hands, he crooketh them to his own ends.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From crooked (dishonestly come by). [1]

AdjectiveEdit

crook (comparative more crook, superlative most crook)

  1. (Australia, New Zealand, slang) Bad, unsatisfactory, not up to standard.
    That work you did on my car is crook, mate
    Not turning up for training was pretty crook.
    Things are crook at Tallarook.
    • 2004, Robert Barnard, A Cry from the Dark, page 21,
      “Things are crook at home at the moment.”
      “They′re always crook at my home.”
  2. (Australia, New Zealand, slang) Ill, sick.
    I′m feeling a bit crook.
  3. (Australia, New Zealand, slang) Annoyed, angry; upset.
    be crook at/about; go crook at
    • 2006, Jimmy Butt, Felicity Dargan, I've Been Bloody Lucky: The Story of an Orphan Named Jimmy Butt, page 17,
      Ann explained to the teacher what had happened and the nuns went crook at me too.
    • 2007, Jo Wainer, Bess, Lost: Illegal Abortion Stories, page 159,
      I went home on the tram, then Mum went crook at me because I was late getting home—I had tickets for Mum and her friend to go to the Regent that night and she was annoyed because I was late.
    • 2007, Ruby Langford Ginibi, Don′t Take Your Love to Town, page 100,
      I went crook at them for not telling me and as soon as she was well enough I took her home to the camping area and she soon picked up.
    • 2009, Carolyn Landon, Cups With No Handles: Memoir of a Grassroots Activist, page 234,
      Mum went crook at me for wasting money, but when Don got a job and spent all his money on a racing bike, she didn′t say a thing to him.

Usage notesEdit

Synthetic comparative and superlative forms (crooker, crookest) also find frequent use.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Australian National Dictionary Centre Home » Australian words » Meanings and origins of Australian words and idioms » C