Last modified on 12 August 2014, at 21:03

EnglishEdit

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A bend in a river

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English benden, from Old English bendan (to bind or bend (a bow), fetter, restrain), from Proto-Germanic *bandijaną (to bend), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (to bind, tie). Cognate with Middle High German benden (to fetter), Danish bænde (to bend), Norwegian bende (to bend), Faroese benda (to bend, inflect), Icelandic benda (to bend). More at band.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bend (third-person singular simple present bends, present participle bending, simple past and past participle bent or (archaic) bended)

  1. (transitive) To cause (something) to change its shape into a curve, by physical force, chemical action, or any other means.
    If you bend the pipe too far, it will break.
    Don’t bend your knees.
  2. (intransitive) To become curved.
    Look at the trees bending in the wind.
  3. (transitive) To cause to change direction.
    • Milton
      Bend thine ear to supplication.
    • Shakespeare
      Towards Coventry bend we our course.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      bending her eyes [] upon her parent
  4. (intransitive) To change direction.
    The road bends to the right
  5. (intransitive) To be inclined; to direct itself.
    • Milton
      to whom our vows and wishes bend
  6. (intransitive, usually with "down") To stoop.
    He bent down to pick up the pieces.
  7. (intransitive) To bow in prayer, or in token of submission.
    • Coleridge
      Each to his great Father bends.
  8. (transitive) To force to submit.
    They bent me to their will.
    • Shakespeare
      except she bend her humour
  9. (intransitive) To submit.
    I am bending to my desire to eat junk food.
  10. (transitive) To apply to a task or purpose.
    He bent the company's resources to gaining market share.
    • Temple
      to bend his mind to any public business
    • Alexander Pope
      when to mischief mortals bend their will
  11. (intransitive) To apply oneself to a task or purpose.
    He bent to the goal of gaining market share.
  12. (transitive) To adapt or interpret to for a purpose or beneficiary.
  13. (transitive, nautical) To tie, as in securing a line to a cleat; to shackle a chain to an anchor; make fast.
    Bend the sail to the yard.
  14. (transitive, music) To smoothly change the pitch of a note.
    You should bend the G slightly sharp in the next measure.
  15. (intransitive, nautical) To swing the body when rowing.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

NounEdit

bend (plural bends)

  1. A curve.
    • 1968, Johnny Cash, Folsom Prison Blues
      I hear the train a comin'/It's rolling round the bend
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
    There's a sharp bend in the road ahead.
  2. (nautical) Any of the various knots which join the ends of two lines.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Totten to this entry?)
  3. (in the plural, medicine, diving, with the) A severe condition caused by excessively quick decompression, causing bubbles of nitrogen to form in the blood; decompression sickness.
    A diver who stays deep for too long must ascend very slowly in order to prevent the bends.
  4. (heraldry) One of the honourable ordinaries formed by two diagonal lines drawn from the dexter chief to the sinister base; it generally occupies a fifth part of the shield if uncharged, but if charged one third.
  5. (obsolete) Turn; purpose; inclination; ends.
    • Fletcher
      Farewell, poor swain; thou art not for my bend.
  6. In the leather trade, the best quality of sole leather; a butt.
  7. (mining) Hard, indurated clay; bind.
  8. (nautical, in the plural) The thickest and strongest planks in a ship's sides, more generally called wales, which have the beams, knees, and futtocks bolted to them.
  9. (nautical, in the plural) The frames or ribs that form the ship's body from the keel to the top of the sides.
    the midship bends

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • The Manual of Heraldry, Fifth Edition, by Anonymous, London, 1862, online at [1]

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *band 'drop'. Compare Phrygian βεδυ (water), Sanskrit [script?] (bindú-ḥ, drop), Middle Irish banna, baina (drop) and possibly Latin Fons Bandusiae.

NounEdit

bend m

  1. a pond, water reservoir
  2. idle or provocative words
  3. servant, henchman
Related termsEdit

KurdishEdit

NounEdit

bend

  1. slave

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English band.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȅnd m (Cyrillic spelling бе̏нд)

  1. (music) band (group of musicians)

DeclensionEdit